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Classical Period Return to List of Periods
The Classical period lasted from 1751 to 1820 approximately.
Classical

The term Classical in the fields of art and architecture refers to the work of the ancient Greeks and Romans. This is characterized by bold, clear lines, symmetry and balance. Around 1700 the art world started to revive some aspects of ancient classical art, and so this was called 'neo-classical art'. In Washington DC, USA, the White House (illustrated at left) is an excellent example of neo-classical architecture. A little later, the music world embraced simplicity, boldness, symmetry and balance, and so the term classical was applied to music of this period also.

This style embodies elegance, balance, formality, restraint and clear structures, in contrast to the ornate and complex baroque style, or the freer expression of the later romantic period

Composers of the early classical period turned away from complex counterpoint, as employed by Johann Sebastian Bach. Instead they emphasized a principal melodic line, accompanied by simple chords.  Johann Bach's son, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788) was an early exponent of this new style, sometimes called Style Gallant or Rococo.  Contrasts were provided by changes of theme, of key,  and of time signature.

As the classical style developed, strong contrasts were introduced in dynamics, with crescendos and diminuendos, and also contrasts in rhythmic patterns.  Symmetry was particularly exemplified by the classical forms which evolved in this period, such as the symphony, the string quartet, the concerto, and the sonata.  And in Mannheim was formed the first classical orchestra. Baroque orchestras contained mainly strings, with an oboe, a bassoon, and possibly a horn. The classical orchestra contained 4 distinct sections, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion.

The principal exponents of the classical period are Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Some writers include Schubert as a classic, others label him as a romantic.


Tunes originating from the Classical period. Audio is available for 655 tunes for this period.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Abduction from the Seraglio - OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
2 Andantino, Piano Concerto No.9 (arr. Busoni)MozartShort PieceSolo
3 Ave Verum Corpus K618MozartSacredChoir
4 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
5 Bassoon Concerto K191MozartConcertoOrchestra
6 Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
7 Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
8 Cello Concerto no 1 in C major Hob VIIb:1HaydnConcertoOrchestra
9 Cello Concerto no 2 in D major Op 101HaydnConcertoOrchestra
10 Clarinet Concerto in A K622MozartConcertoOrchestra
11 Clarinet Quintet in A K581 for clarinet and stringsMozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
12 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
13 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
14 Divertimento in Bb KV240MozartChamber MusicTrio
15 Divertimento in Bb K 137MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
16 Divertimento in Bb major 'St Anthony Chorale'.HaydnChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
17 Divertimento in D K136MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
18 Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)MozartChamber MusicTrio
19 Divertimento in F K138MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
20 Divertimento No.2 in D, K131. - MenuettoMozartChamber MusicOrchestra
21 Don GiovanniMozartOperaOrchestra
22 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
23 Fantasy in c, K. 475MozartShort PieceSolo
24 Fantasy in c, K.396MozartShort PieceSolo
25 Fantasy in d, K. 397MozartShort PieceSolo
26 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
27 Flute and Harp Concerto K299MozartConcertoOrchestra
28 Flute Concerto in D K 314 (also Oboe Concerto in C)MozartConcertoOrchestra
29 Flute Concerto in G K313MozartConcertoOrchestra
30 Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
31 Flute Quartet in D K285MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
32 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
33 GavotteGossecShort PieceDuet
34 German Dances (Deutsche Tanze)HaydnWaltzOrchestra
35 Horn Concerto No.1 in D K412MozartConcertoOrchestra
36 Horn Concerto No.2 in Eb major K417MozartConcertoOrchestra
37 Horn Concerto No.3 in Eb K447MozartConcertoOrchestra
38 Horn Concerto No.4 in Eb major K495MozartConcertoOrchestra
39 La Clemenza di TitoMozartOperaOrchestra
40 Le Nozze di FigaroMozartOperaOrchestra
41 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
42 Lullaby (Sleep Little Prince)MozartShort PieceSolo
43 Magic Flute (Die Zauberflote)MozartOperaOrchestra
44 Magic Flute OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
45 Menuetto No.6 in D K355MozartShort PieceSolo
46 Miniature OvertureGomersallOvertureOrchestra
47 Minuet from Divertimento K334MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
48 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
49 Minuet in G (written while only 7 years old)MozartShort PieceSolo
50 Oboe Concerto in C K314MozartConcertoOrchestra
51 Oboe Quartet in F K 370MozartChamber MusicOther Ensembles
52 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
53 Piano Concerto No.1 in F K37MozartConcertoOrchestra
54 Piano Concerto No.11 in D majorHaydnConcertoOrchestra
55 Piano Concerto No.12 in A K414MozartConcertoOrchestra
56 Piano Concerto No.14 in Eb K449MozartConcertoOrchestra
57 Piano Concerto No.15 in Bb K450MozartConcertoOrchestra
58 Piano Concerto No.2 in B K39MozartConcertoOrchestra
59 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
60 Piano Concerto No.20 in D Minor K466MozartConcertoOrchestra
61 Piano Concerto No.21 in C K467MozartConcertoOrchestra
62 Piano Concerto No.22 in Eb K482MozartConcertoOrchestra
63 Piano Concerto No.23 in A K488MozartConcertoOrchestra
64 Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor K491MozartConcertoOrchestra
65 Piano Concerto No.25 in C K503MozartConcertoOrchestra
66 Piano Concerto No.26 in D K537MozartConcertoOrchestra
67 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
68 Piano Concerto No.3 in D K40MozartConcertoOrchestra
69 Piano Concerto No.4 in G K 41MozartConcertoOrchestra
70 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
71 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
72 Piano Concerto No.6 in Bb K238MozartConcertoOrchestra
73 Piano Concerto No.8 in C K 246MozartConcertoOrchestra
74 Piano Quartet in G minor K478MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
75 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
76 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
77 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
78 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
79 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
80 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
81 Piano Trio in Bb K502MozartChamber MusicTrio
82 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
83 Piano Trio in C K548MozartChamber MusicTrio
84 Piano Trio in E K542MozartChamber MusicTrio
85 Piano Trio in Eb "Kegelstadt" K498MozartChamber MusicTrio
86 Piano Trio in F Hob XVHaydnChamber MusicTrio
87 Piano Trio in G K496MozartChamber MusicTrio
88 Piano Trio in G K564MozartChamber MusicTrio
89 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
90 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
91 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
92 Quintet for piano and woodwinds, K452MozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
93 Requiem: Confutatis & Lacrimosa (arr. Liszt)MozartSacredSolo
94 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
95 Romance, La Pazza Per AmoreDalayracShort PieceSolo
96 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
97 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for clarinet and piano.MozartChamber MusicDuet
98 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoMozartChamber MusicDuet
99 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetMozartChamber MusicString Quartet
100 Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaMozartConcertoOrchestra
101 Sinfonia Concertante in Eb for winds, K297bMozartConcertoOrchestra
102 Sonata in D (BH 37)HaydnSonataSolo
103 Sonata, K.279 in CMozartSonataSolo
104 Sonata, K.280 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
105 Sonata, K.281 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
106 Sonata, K.282 in E-flatMozartSonataSolo
107 Sonata, K.283 in GMozartSonataSolo
108 Sonata, K.284 in DMozartSonataSolo
109 Sonata, K.309 in CMozartSonataSolo
110 Sonata, K.310 in A minorMozartSonataSolo
111 Sonata, K.311 in DMozartSonataSolo
112 Sonata, K.330 in CMozartSonataSolo
113 Sonata, K.331 in AMozartSonataSolo
114 Sonata, K.332 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
115 Sonata, K.333 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
116 Sonata, K.457 in CMozartSonataSolo
117 Sonata, K.533 in FMozartSonataSolo
118 Sonata, K.545 in CMozartSonataSolo
119 Sonata, K.570 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
120 Sonata, K.576 in DMozartSonataSolo
121 Sonatina in B-flat, Op.439b, No.4MozartSonataSolo
122 Sonatina in F, Op.439b, No.5MozartSonataSolo
123 Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
124 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
125 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
126 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
127 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
128 String Quartet No. 3 in G K156MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
129 String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
130 String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
131 String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
132 String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
133 String Quartet No.18 in A K464MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
134 String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
135 String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
136 String Quartet No.21 in D major K575MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
137 String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
138 String Quartet No.23 in F major K590MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
139 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
140 String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
141 String Quartet Op 1 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
142 String Quartet Op 1 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
143 String Quartet Op 1 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
144 String Quartet Op 1 No.5HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
145 String Quartet Op 1 No.6HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
146 String Quartet Op 2 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
147 String Quartet Op 2 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
148 String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
149 String Quartet Op 9 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
150 String Quartet Op 9 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
151 String Quartet Op 9 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
152 String Quartet Op 20 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
153 String Quartet Op 20 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
154 String Quartet Op 20 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
155 String Quartet Op 54 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
156 String Quartet Op 54 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
157 String Quartet Op 54 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
158 String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
159 String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
160 String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
161 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
162 Symphony No. 6 in D 'Le Matin' Hob 1:6HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
163 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
164 Symphony No.100 in G "Military"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
165 Symphony No.101 in D "The Clock"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
166 Symphony No.104 in D "London"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
167 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
168 Symphony No.29 in A K201MozartSymphonyOrchestra
169 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
170 Symphony No.31 in D K297 'Paris'MozartSymphonyOrchestra
171 Symphony No.32 in G major K 318MozartSymphonyOrchestra
172 Symphony No.33 in Bb major K 319MozartSymphonyOrchestra
173 Symphony No.34 in C major K 338MozartSymphonyOrchestra
174 Symphony No.35 in D K385 "Haffner"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
175 Symphony No.36 in C major "Linz" K425MozartSymphonyOrchestra
176 Symphony No.38 in D major K 504 "Prague"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
177 Symphony No.39 in Eb K543MozartSymphonyOrchestra
178 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
179 Symphony No.40 in G minor K550MozartSymphonyOrchestra
180 Symphony No.41 in C - Jupiter K551MozartSymphonyOrchestra
181 Symphony No.45 in F# minor "Farewell"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
182 Symphony No.48 in C "Maria Theresia"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
183 Symphony No.49 in F minor 'La Passione'HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
184 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
185 Symphony No.59 in A "Fire"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
186 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
187 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
188 Symphony No.7 in C 'Le Midi' Hob 1:7HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
189 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
190 Symphony No.8 in G 'Le Soir' Hob 1:8HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
191 Symphony No.88 in GHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
192 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
193 Symphony No.90 in C majorHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
194 Symphony No.92 in G OxfordHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
195 Symphony No.93 in DHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
196 Symphony No.94 in G "The Surprise"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
197 Symphony No.96 in D "Miracle"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
198 Trumpet Concerto in EbHaydnConcertoOrchestra
199 Trumpet Concerto in Eb majorHummelConcertoOrchestra
200 Variations on "Ah, vous dirais-je, maman"MozartVariationsSolo
201 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
202 Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216MozartConcertoOrchestra
203 Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218MozartConcertoOrchestra
204 Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219MozartConcertoOrchestra
205 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
206 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
207 Violin Sonata in D, K29MozartSonataDuet
208 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
209 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
210 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
211 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
212 Waltzes - from 36 Original Dances D365SchubertWaltzSolo
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