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Classical Period Return to List of Periods
The Classical period lasted from 1751 to 1820 approximately.
Classical

The term Classical in the fields of art and architecture refers to the work of the ancient Greeks and Romans. This is characterized by bold, clear lines, symmetry and balance. Around 1700 the art world started to revive some aspects of ancient classical art, and so this was called 'neo-classical art'. In Washington DC, USA, the White House (illustrated at left) is an excellent example of neo-classical architecture. A little later, the music world embraced simplicity, boldness, symmetry and balance, and so the term classical was applied to music of this period also.

This style embodies elegance, balance, formality, restraint and clear structures, in contrast to the ornate and complex baroque style, or the freer expression of the later romantic period

Composers of the early classical period turned away from complex counterpoint, as employed by Johann Sebastian Bach. Instead they emphasized a principal melodic line, accompanied by simple chords.  Johann Bach's son, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788) was an early exponent of this new style, sometimes called Style Gallant or Rococo.  Contrasts were provided by changes of theme, of key,  and of time signature.

As the classical style developed, strong contrasts were introduced in dynamics, with crescendos and diminuendos, and also contrasts in rhythmic patterns.  Symmetry was particularly exemplified by the classical forms which evolved in this period, such as the symphony, the string quartet, the concerto, and the sonata.  And in Mannheim was formed the first classical orchestra. Baroque orchestras contained mainly strings, with an oboe, a bassoon, and possibly a horn. The classical orchestra contained 4 distinct sections, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion.

The principal exponents of the classical period are Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Some writers include Schubert as a classic, others label him as a romantic.


Tunes originating from the Classical period. Audio is available for 660 tunes for this period.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Abduction from the Seraglio - OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
2 Andantino, Piano Concerto No.9 (arr. Busoni)MozartShort PieceSolo
3 Ave MariaCherubiniSacredOther Ensembles
4 Ave Verum Corpus K618MozartSacredChoir
5 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
6 Bassoon Concerto K191MozartConcertoOrchestra
7 Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
8 Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
9 Cello Concerto no 1 in C major Hob VIIb:1HaydnConcertoOrchestra
10 Cello Concerto no 2 in D major Op 101HaydnConcertoOrchestra
11 Clarinet Concerto in A K622MozartConcertoOrchestra
12 Clarinet Quintet in A K581 for clarinet and stringsMozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
13 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
14 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
15 Divertimento in Bb KV240MozartChamber MusicTrio
16 Divertimento in Bb K 137MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
17 Divertimento in Bb major 'St Anthony Chorale'.HaydnChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
18 Divertimento in D K136MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
19 Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)MozartChamber MusicTrio
20 Divertimento in F K138MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
21 Divertimento No.2 in D, K131. - MenuettoMozartChamber MusicOrchestra
22 Don GiovanniMozartOperaOrchestra
23 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
24 Fantasy in c, K. 475MozartShort PieceSolo
25 Fantasy in c, K.396MozartShort PieceSolo
26 Fantasy in d, K. 397MozartShort PieceSolo
27 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
28 Flute and Harp Concerto K299MozartConcertoOrchestra
29 Flute Concerto in D K 314 (also Oboe Concerto in C)MozartConcertoOrchestra
30 Flute Concerto in G K313MozartConcertoOrchestra
31 Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
32 Flute Quartet in D K285MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
33 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
34 GavotteGossecShort PieceDuet
35 German Dances (Deutsche Tanze)HaydnWaltzOrchestra
36 Horn Concerto No.1 in D K412MozartConcertoOrchestra
37 Horn Concerto No.2 in Eb major K417MozartConcertoOrchestra
38 Horn Concerto No.3 in Eb K447MozartConcertoOrchestra
39 Horn Concerto No.4 in Eb major K495MozartConcertoOrchestra
40 Interlude No 2 in C for String QuartetGomersallChamber MusicString Quartet
41 La Clemenza di TitoMozartOperaOrchestra
42 Le Nozze di FigaroMozartOperaOrchestra
43 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
44 Lullaby (Sleep Little Prince)MozartShort PieceSolo
45 Magic Flute (Die Zauberflote)MozartOperaOrchestra
46 Magic Flute OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
47 Menuetto No.6 in D K355MozartShort PieceSolo
48 Miniature OvertureGomersallOvertureOrchestra
49 Minuet from Divertimento K334MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
50 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
51 Minuet in G (written while only 7 years old)MozartShort PieceSolo
52 Oboe Concerto in C K314MozartConcertoOrchestra
53 Oboe Quartet in F K 370MozartChamber MusicOther Ensembles
54 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
55 Piano Concerto No.1 in F K37MozartConcertoOrchestra
56 Piano Concerto No.11 in D majorHaydnConcertoOrchestra
57 Piano Concerto No.12 in A K414MozartConcertoOrchestra
58 Piano Concerto No.14 in Eb K449MozartConcertoOrchestra
59 Piano Concerto No.15 in Bb K450MozartConcertoOrchestra
60 Piano Concerto No.2 in B K39MozartConcertoOrchestra
61 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
62 Piano Concerto No.20 in D Minor K466MozartConcertoOrchestra
63 Piano Concerto No.21 in C K467MozartConcertoOrchestra
64 Piano Concerto No.22 in Eb K482MozartConcertoOrchestra
65 Piano Concerto No.23 in A K488MozartConcertoOrchestra
66 Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor K491MozartConcertoOrchestra
67 Piano Concerto No.25 in C K503MozartConcertoOrchestra
68 Piano Concerto No.26 in D K537MozartConcertoOrchestra
69 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
70 Piano Concerto No.3 in D K40MozartConcertoOrchestra
71 Piano Concerto No.4 in G K 41MozartConcertoOrchestra
72 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
73 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
74 Piano Concerto No.6 in Bb K238MozartConcertoOrchestra
75 Piano Concerto No.8 in C K 246MozartConcertoOrchestra
76 Piano Quartet in G minor K478MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
77 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
78 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
79 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
80 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
81 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
82 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
83 Piano Trio in Bb K502MozartChamber MusicTrio
84 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
85 Piano Trio in C K548MozartChamber MusicTrio
86 Piano Trio in E K542MozartChamber MusicTrio
87 Piano Trio in Eb "Kegelstadt" K498MozartChamber MusicTrio
88 Piano Trio in F Hob XVHaydnChamber MusicTrio
89 Piano Trio in G K496MozartChamber MusicTrio
90 Piano Trio in G K564MozartChamber MusicTrio
91 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
92 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
93 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
94 Quintet for piano and woodwinds, K452MozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
95 Requiem: Confutatis & Lacrimosa (arr. Liszt)MozartSacredSolo
96 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
97 Romance, La Pazza Per AmoreDalayracShort PieceSolo
98 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
99 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for clarinet and piano.MozartChamber MusicDuet
100 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoMozartChamber MusicDuet
101 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetMozartChamber MusicString Quartet
102 Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaMozartConcertoOrchestra
103 Sinfonia Concertante in Eb for winds, K297bMozartConcertoOrchestra
104 Sonata in D (BH 37)HaydnSonataSolo
105 Sonata, K.279 in CMozartSonataSolo
106 Sonata, K.280 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
107 Sonata, K.281 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
108 Sonata, K.282 in E-flatMozartSonataSolo
109 Sonata, K.283 in GMozartSonataSolo
110 Sonata, K.284 in DMozartSonataSolo
111 Sonata, K.309 in CMozartSonataSolo
112 Sonata, K.310 in A minorMozartSonataSolo
113 Sonata, K.311 in DMozartSonataSolo
114 Sonata, K.330 in CMozartSonataSolo
115 Sonata, K.331 in AMozartSonataSolo
116 Sonata, K.332 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
117 Sonata, K.333 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
118 Sonata, K.457 in CMozartSonataSolo
119 Sonata, K.533 in FMozartSonataSolo
120 Sonata, K.545 in CMozartSonataSolo
121 Sonata, K.570 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
122 Sonata, K.576 in DMozartSonataSolo
123 Sonatina in B-flat, Op.439b, No.4MozartSonataSolo
124 Sonatina in F, Op.439b, No.5MozartSonataSolo
125 Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
126 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
127 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
128 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
129 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
130 String Quartet No. 3 in G K156MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
131 String Quartet No.1 in EbCherubiniChamber MusicString Quartet
132 String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
133 String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
134 String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
135 String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
136 String Quartet No.18 in A K464MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
137 String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
138 String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
139 String Quartet No.21 in D major K575MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
140 String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
141 String Quartet No.23 in F major K590MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
142 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
143 String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
144 String Quartet Op 1 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
145 String Quartet Op 1 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
146 String Quartet Op 1 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
147 String Quartet Op 1 No.5HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
148 String Quartet Op 1 No.6HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
149 String Quartet Op 2 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
150 String Quartet Op 2 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
151 String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
152 String Quartet Op 9 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
153 String Quartet Op 9 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
154 String Quartet Op 9 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
155 String Quartet Op 20 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
156 String Quartet Op 20 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
157 String Quartet Op 20 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
158 String Quartet Op 54 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
159 String Quartet Op 54 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
160 String Quartet Op 54 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
161 String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
162 String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
163 String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
164 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
165 Symphony No. 6 in D 'Le Matin' Hob 1:6HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
166 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
167 Symphony No.100 in G "Military"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
168 Symphony No.101 in D "The Clock"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
169 Symphony No.104 in D "London"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
170 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
171 Symphony No.29 in A K201MozartSymphonyOrchestra
172 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
173 Symphony No.31 in D K297 'Paris'MozartSymphonyOrchestra
174 Symphony No.32 in G major K 318MozartSymphonyOrchestra
175 Symphony No.33 in Bb major K 319MozartSymphonyOrchestra
176 Symphony No.34 in C major K 338MozartSymphonyOrchestra
177 Symphony No.35 in D K385 "Haffner"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
178 Symphony No.36 in C major "Linz" K425MozartSymphonyOrchestra
179 Symphony No.38 in D major K 504 "Prague"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
180 Symphony No.39 in Eb K543MozartSymphonyOrchestra
181 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
182 Symphony No.40 in G minor K550MozartSymphonyOrchestra
183 Symphony No.41 in C - Jupiter K551MozartSymphonyOrchestra
184 Symphony No.45 in F# minor "Farewell"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
185 Symphony No.48 in C "Maria Theresia"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
186 Symphony No.49 in F minor 'La Passione'HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
187 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
188 Symphony No.59 in A "Fire"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
189 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
190 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
191 Symphony No.7 in C 'Le Midi' Hob 1:7HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
192 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
193 Symphony No.8 in G 'Le Soir' Hob 1:8HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
194 Symphony No.88 in GHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
195 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
196 Symphony No.90 in C majorHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
197 Symphony No.92 in G OxfordHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
198 Symphony No.93 in DHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
199 Symphony No.94 in G "The Surprise"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
200 Symphony No.96 in D "Miracle"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
201 Trumpet Concerto in EbHaydnConcertoOrchestra
202 Trumpet Concerto in Eb majorHummelConcertoOrchestra
203 Variations on "Ah, vous dirais-je, maman"MozartVariationsSolo
204 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
205 Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216MozartConcertoOrchestra
206 Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218MozartConcertoOrchestra
207 Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219MozartConcertoOrchestra
208 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
209 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
210 Violin Sonata in D, K29MozartSonataDuet
211 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
212 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
213 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
214 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
215 Waltzes - from 36 Original Dances D365SchubertWaltzSolo
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