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Classical Period Return to List of Periods
The Classical period lasted from 1751 to 1820 approximately.
Classical

The term Classical in the fields of art and architecture refers to the work of the ancient Greeks and Romans. This is characterized by bold, clear lines, symmetry and balance. Around 1700 the art world started to revive some aspects of ancient classical art, and so this was called 'neo-classical art'. In Washington DC, USA, the White House (illustrated at left) is an excellent example of neo-classical architecture. A little later, the music world embraced simplicity, boldness, symmetry and balance, and so the term classical was applied to music of this period also.

This style embodies elegance, balance, formality, restraint and clear structures, in contrast to the ornate and complex baroque style, or the freer expression of the later romantic period

Composers of the early classical period turned away from complex counterpoint, as employed by Johann Sebastian Bach. Instead they emphasized a principal melodic line, accompanied by simple chords.  Johann Bach's son, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788) was an early exponent of this new style, sometimes called Style Gallant or Rococo.  Contrasts were provided by changes of theme, of key,  and of time signature.

As the classical style developed, strong contrasts were introduced in dynamics, with crescendos and diminuendos, and also contrasts in rhythmic patterns.  Symmetry was particularly exemplified by the classical forms which evolved in this period, such as the symphony, the string quartet, the concerto, and the sonata.  And in Mannheim was formed the first classical orchestra. Baroque orchestras contained mainly strings, with an oboe, a bassoon, and possibly a horn. The classical orchestra contained 4 distinct sections, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion.

The principal exponents of the classical period are Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Some writers include Schubert as a classic, others label him as a romantic.


Tunes originating from the Classical period. Audio is available for 662 tunes for this period.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Abduction from the Seraglio - OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
2 Andantino, Piano Concerto No.9 (arr. Busoni)MozartShort PieceSolo
3 Ave MariaCherubiniSacredOther Ensembles
4 Ave Verum Corpus K618MozartSacredChoir
5 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
6 Bassoon Concerto K191MozartConcertoOrchestra
7 Blue SkiesGomersallWaltzOrchestra
8 Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
9 Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
10 Cello Concerto no 1 in C major Hob VIIb:1HaydnConcertoOrchestra
11 Cello Concerto no 2 in D major Op 101HaydnConcertoOrchestra
12 Clarinet Concerto in A K622MozartConcertoOrchestra
13 Clarinet Quintet in A K581 for clarinet and stringsMozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
14 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
15 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
16 Divertimento in Bb KV240MozartChamber MusicTrio
17 Divertimento in Bb K 137MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
18 Divertimento in Bb major 'St Anthony Chorale'.HaydnChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
19 Divertimento in D K136MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
20 Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)MozartChamber MusicTrio
21 Divertimento in F K138MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
22 Divertimento No.2 in D, K131. - MenuettoMozartChamber MusicOrchestra
23 Don GiovanniMozartOperaOrchestra
24 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
25 Fantasy in c, K. 475MozartShort PieceSolo
26 Fantasy in c, K.396MozartShort PieceSolo
27 Fantasy in d, K. 397MozartShort PieceSolo
28 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
29 Flute and Harp Concerto K299MozartConcertoOrchestra
30 Flute Concerto in D K 314 (also Oboe Concerto in C)MozartConcertoOrchestra
31 Flute Concerto in G K313MozartConcertoOrchestra
32 Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
33 Flute Quartet in D K285MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
34 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
35 GavotteGossecShort PieceDuet
36 German Dances (Deutsche Tanze)HaydnWaltzOrchestra
37 Horn Concerto No.1 in D K412MozartConcertoOrchestra
38 Horn Concerto No.2 in Eb major K417MozartConcertoOrchestra
39 Horn Concerto No.3 in Eb K447MozartConcertoOrchestra
40 Horn Concerto No.4 in Eb major K495MozartConcertoOrchestra
41 Interlude No 2 in C for String QuartetGomersallChamber MusicString Quartet
42 Interlude no.1 in F for Chamber OrchestraGomersallChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
43 La Clemenza di TitoMozartOperaOrchestra
44 Le Nozze di FigaroMozartOperaOrchestra
45 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
46 Lullaby (Sleep Little Prince)MozartShort PieceSolo
47 Magic Flute (Die Zauberflote)MozartOperaOrchestra
48 Magic Flute OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
49 Menuetto No.6 in D K355MozartShort PieceSolo
50 Miniature OvertureGomersallOvertureOrchestra
51 Minuet from Divertimento K334MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
52 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
53 Minuet in G (written while only 7 years old)MozartShort PieceSolo
54 Oboe Concerto in C K314MozartConcertoOrchestra
55 Oboe Quartet in F K 370MozartChamber MusicOther Ensembles
56 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
57 Piano Concerto No.1 in F K37MozartConcertoOrchestra
58 Piano Concerto No.11 in D majorHaydnConcertoOrchestra
59 Piano Concerto No.12 in A K414MozartConcertoOrchestra
60 Piano Concerto No.14 in Eb K449MozartConcertoOrchestra
61 Piano Concerto No.15 in Bb K450MozartConcertoOrchestra
62 Piano Concerto No.2 in B K39MozartConcertoOrchestra
63 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
64 Piano Concerto No.20 in D Minor K466MozartConcertoOrchestra
65 Piano Concerto No.21 in C K467MozartConcertoOrchestra
66 Piano Concerto No.22 in Eb K482MozartConcertoOrchestra
67 Piano Concerto No.23 in A K488MozartConcertoOrchestra
68 Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor K491MozartConcertoOrchestra
69 Piano Concerto No.25 in C K503MozartConcertoOrchestra
70 Piano Concerto No.26 in D K537MozartConcertoOrchestra
71 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
72 Piano Concerto No.3 in D K40MozartConcertoOrchestra
73 Piano Concerto No.4 in G K 41MozartConcertoOrchestra
74 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
75 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
76 Piano Concerto No.6 in Bb K238MozartConcertoOrchestra
77 Piano Concerto No.8 in C K 246MozartConcertoOrchestra
78 Piano Quartet in G minor K478MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
79 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
80 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
81 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
82 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
83 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
84 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
85 Piano Trio in Bb K502MozartChamber MusicTrio
86 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
87 Piano Trio in C K548MozartChamber MusicTrio
88 Piano Trio in E K542MozartChamber MusicTrio
89 Piano Trio in Eb "Kegelstadt" K498MozartChamber MusicTrio
90 Piano Trio in F Hob XVHaydnChamber MusicTrio
91 Piano Trio in G K496MozartChamber MusicTrio
92 Piano Trio in G K564MozartChamber MusicTrio
93 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
94 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
95 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
96 Quintet for piano and woodwinds, K452MozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
97 Requiem: Confutatis & Lacrimosa (arr. Liszt)MozartSacredSolo
98 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
99 Romance, La Pazza Per AmoreDalayracShort PieceSolo
100 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
101 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for clarinet and piano.MozartChamber MusicDuet
102 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoMozartChamber MusicDuet
103 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetMozartChamber MusicString Quartet
104 Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaMozartConcertoOrchestra
105 Sinfonia Concertante in Eb for winds, K297bMozartConcertoOrchestra
106 Sonata in D (BH 37)HaydnSonataSolo
107 Sonata, K.279 in CMozartSonataSolo
108 Sonata, K.280 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
109 Sonata, K.281 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
110 Sonata, K.282 in E-flatMozartSonataSolo
111 Sonata, K.283 in GMozartSonataSolo
112 Sonata, K.284 in DMozartSonataSolo
113 Sonata, K.309 in CMozartSonataSolo
114 Sonata, K.310 in A minorMozartSonataSolo
115 Sonata, K.311 in DMozartSonataSolo
116 Sonata, K.330 in CMozartSonataSolo
117 Sonata, K.331 in AMozartSonataSolo
118 Sonata, K.332 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
119 Sonata, K.333 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
120 Sonata, K.457 in CMozartSonataSolo
121 Sonata, K.533 in FMozartSonataSolo
122 Sonata, K.545 in CMozartSonataSolo
123 Sonata, K.570 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
124 Sonata, K.576 in DMozartSonataSolo
125 Sonatina in B-flat, Op.439b, No.4MozartSonataSolo
126 Sonatina in F, Op.439b, No.5MozartSonataSolo
127 Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
128 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
129 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
130 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
131 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
132 String Quartet No. 3 in G K156MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
133 String Quartet No.1 in EbCherubiniChamber MusicString Quartet
134 String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
135 String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
136 String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
137 String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
138 String Quartet No.18 in A K464MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
139 String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
140 String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
141 String Quartet No.21 in D major K575MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
142 String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
143 String Quartet No.23 in F major K590MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
144 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
145 String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
146 String Quartet Op 1 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
147 String Quartet Op 1 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
148 String Quartet Op 1 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
149 String Quartet Op 1 No.5HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
150 String Quartet Op 1 No.6HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
151 String Quartet Op 2 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
152 String Quartet Op 2 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
153 String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
154 String Quartet Op 9 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
155 String Quartet Op 9 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
156 String Quartet Op 9 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
157 String Quartet Op 20 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
158 String Quartet Op 20 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
159 String Quartet Op 20 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
160 String Quartet Op 54 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
161 String Quartet Op 54 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
162 String Quartet Op 54 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
163 String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
164 String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
165 String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
166 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
167 Symphony No. 6 in D 'Le Matin' Hob 1:6HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
168 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
169 Symphony No.100 in G "Military"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
170 Symphony No.101 in D "The Clock"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
171 Symphony No.104 in D "London"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
172 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
173 Symphony No.29 in A K201MozartSymphonyOrchestra
174 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
175 Symphony No.31 in D K297 'Paris'MozartSymphonyOrchestra
176 Symphony No.32 in G major K 318MozartSymphonyOrchestra
177 Symphony No.33 in Bb major K 319MozartSymphonyOrchestra
178 Symphony No.34 in C major K 338MozartSymphonyOrchestra
179 Symphony No.35 in D K385 "Haffner"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
180 Symphony No.36 in C major "Linz" K425MozartSymphonyOrchestra
181 Symphony No.38 in D major K 504 "Prague"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
182 Symphony No.39 in Eb K543MozartSymphonyOrchestra
183 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
184 Symphony No.40 in G minor K550MozartSymphonyOrchestra
185 Symphony No.41 in C - Jupiter K551MozartSymphonyOrchestra
186 Symphony No.45 in F# minor "Farewell"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
187 Symphony No.48 in C "Maria Theresia"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
188 Symphony No.49 in F minor 'La Passione'HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
189 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
190 Symphony No.59 in A "Fire"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
191 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
192 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
193 Symphony No.7 in C 'Le Midi' Hob 1:7HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
194 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
195 Symphony No.8 in G 'Le Soir' Hob 1:8HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
196 Symphony No.88 in GHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
197 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
198 Symphony No.90 in C majorHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
199 Symphony No.92 in G OxfordHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
200 Symphony No.93 in DHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
201 Symphony No.94 in G "The Surprise"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
202 Symphony No.96 in D "Miracle"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
203 Trumpet Concerto in EbHaydnConcertoOrchestra
204 Trumpet Concerto in Eb majorHummelConcertoOrchestra
205 Variations on "Ah, vous dirais-je, maman"MozartVariationsSolo
206 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
207 Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216MozartConcertoOrchestra
208 Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218MozartConcertoOrchestra
209 Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219MozartConcertoOrchestra
210 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
211 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
212 Violin Sonata in D, K29MozartSonataDuet
213 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
214 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
215 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
216 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
217 Waltzes - from 36 Original Dances D365SchubertWaltzSolo
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