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Baroque Period Return to List of Periods
The Baroque period lasted from 1600 to 1750 approximately.
Baroque

In the worlds of art and architecture, Baroque means flamboyant, colourful and elaborately decorated.  The picture at left is of the baroque Versailles palace, used by king Louis XIV of France to listen to music by his baroque court composers. 

This term is also used to describe western European music written in the architectural "Baroque" period, roughly 1600-1750. Music written in this period was flamboyant, colourful and elaborately decorated when compared to earlier renaissance and mediaeval styles.

In the early part of the baroque period, music started to become more oriented to chords. Composers thought 'vertically', in addition to 'horizontally'. Previously, the chords formed almost accidentally as the result of intertwining independent melodic lines. The chords were not usually written out in full. Instead, the bass line was written out, and chord notation was written below the staff. This was called basso continuo, or figured bass. The bass line was often played on a cello, and the chords on a harpsichord.

In the later part of the baroque period, composers resumed giving great importance to the horizontal motion of intertwining melodies. This is called counterpoint.  Bach and Handel are the masters of counterpoint.

The two most famous composers of this period are Bach and Handel, but the period also covers Purcell, Corelli, and Vivaldi amongst others.


Tunes originating from the Baroque period. Audio is available for 131 tunes for this period.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 AdagioAlbinoniShort PieceOther Ensembles
2 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DBachSuiteWind Chamber Groups
3 Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988BachVariationsSolo
4 Arrival of the Queen of Sheba - from SolomonHandelShort PieceOrchestra
5 Art of the Fugue BWV 1080BachShort PieceSolo
6 Brandenburg Concerto No.1BachConcertoOrchestra
7 Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FBachConcertoOrchestra
8 Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048BachConcertoOrchestra
9 Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DBachConcertoOrchestra
10 Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo PachelbelChamber MusicOther Ensembles
11 Che Farò Senza Euridice from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckOperaOrchestra
12 Concerto for Oboe and StringsCorelliConcertoOrchestra
13 Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8CorelliConcertoOrchestra
14 Dance of the Blessed Spirits - from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckBallet MusicOrchestra
15 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043BachConcertoTrio
16 Fairest Isle from King ArthurPurcellSongDuet
17 GigueScarlattiShort PieceSolo
18 Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoTelemannChamber MusicTrio
19 Gigue, from 9th SonataCorelliSonataSolo
20 Gigue, from 9th Sonata for violin cello and keyboardCorelliSonataDuet
21 Gloria in excelsis Deo from Gloria in D RV 589VivaldiSacredOrchestra
22 Harmonious Blacksmith (Air and 2 variations, from 5th harpsichord Suite)HandelShort PieceOrchestra
23 Jesu Joy of Man's desiringBachSacredOrchestra
24 Joy to the WorldHandelSacredSolo
25 Judas MaccabeusHandelOperaOrchestra
26 Laudamus TeVivaldiSacredChoir
27 Le rappel des oiseauxRameauShort PieceSolo
28 Les fifresDandrieuShort PieceSolo
29 Mass in B minor BWV 232BachSacredChoir
30 Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookBachShort PieceSolo
31 Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814BachSuiteSolo
32 Minuet from Keyboard Suit No.1 in GPurcellSuiteSolo
33 MusetteRameauShort PieceSolo
34 Music for the Royal FireworksHandelSuiteTrio
35 Nymphs and Shepherds, Come Away!PurcellSongDuet
36 O Jesu So MeekBachSacredChoir
37 O Lovely Peace (Anthem for two voices)HandelSongOther Ensembles
38 Ombra mai piu - Aria from Xerxes (Largo)HandelOperaSolo
39 Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)BachShort PieceOrchestra
40 Organ Concerto No.4HandelConcertoOrchestra
41 Organ Concerto No.6 in Bb Op 4 No.6HandelConcertoOrchestra
42 PastoraleScarlattiShort PieceSolo
43 Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054BachConcertoOrchestra
44 Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierBachShort PieceSolo
45 Rondeau in D minorPurcellShort PieceSolo
46 Rule BritanniaArneSongOrchestra
47 SamsonHandelOperaSolo
48 Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardMariniSonataTrio
49 Sonata in C, L.104, K.159ScarlattiSonataSolo
50 Stocho Barocco - an Aeolian AmbleGomersallShort PieceOrchestra
51 Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsBachSuiteOrchestra
52 TambourinRameauShort PieceSolo
53 The Four SeasonsVivaldiConcertoOrchestra
54 The Messiah. OratorioHandelSacredChoir
55 Three-Part Invention No.12 in ABachChamber MusicTrio
56 Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565BachShort PieceSolo
57 Toccata in AParadiesShort PieceSolo
58 Trumpet Concerto in D majorPurcellConcertoOrchestra
59 Trumpet Concerto in D majorTelemannConcertoOrchestra
60 Trumpet Voluntary (Prince of Denmark's March)ClarkeMarchSolo
61 Two-Part Invention No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
62 Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
63 Two-Part Invention No.03 in DBachShort PieceSolo
64 Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorBachShort PieceSolo
65 Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
66 Two-Part Invention No.08 in FBachShort PieceSolo
67 Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorBachShort PieceSolo
68 Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
69 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041BachConcertoOrchestra
70 Water MusicHandelSuiteOrchestra
71 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
72 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
73 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.03 in C#BachShort PieceSolo
74 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.05 in DBachShort PieceSolo
75 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.07 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
76 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.08 in Eb minorBachShort PieceSolo
77 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.09 in EBachShort PieceSolo
78 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.21 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
79 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.22 in Bb minorBachShort PieceSolo
80 When Daisies PiedArneSongDuet
81 Where the bee sucks, there suck IArneSongDuet
82 While Shepherds Watched their Flocks by NightHandelSacredSolo
83 Zadok the PriestHandelSacredChoir
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