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Violin          Return to list of instruments
Violin

The violin is the most important instrument in the orchestra, as well as being a fabulous solo instrument. Two violins form half of a string quartet, with the addition of a viola and a cello.

The violin is an extremely expressive instrument with a brilliant tone, in the hands of a competent player.

The 4 strings from lowest to highest, are tuned at intervals one fifth apart, namely G below middle C, D above middle C, A above middle C, and the E one and a bit octaves above middle C. The range is from the G below middle C (the lowest open string), which is G3 in MIDI notation, up to E7 in MIDI notation, which is the E above the C three octaves above middle C. This is an outstandingly wide range, with a high note way above the highest in most other orchestral instruments.

The violin is generally played with a bow, in the player's right hand, with the violin tucked under the chin, and the player's left hand holds the neck, with the four fingers stopping the 4 strings to create the desired pitch for each note. By continuously gliding the bow back and forth over the string, a violinist can sustain a note as long as he wants.  Alternatively, the strings may be plucked, as with a guitar, producing a short staccato sound called "pizzicato".

The modern orchestra typically uses about 32 violins (some as firsts, some as seconds), which is far more than any other instrument. The sound of massed violins playing in precise synchrony is incredibly beautiful, and quite different from the sound of a single solo violin. The MIDI system tries to achieve the effect of a mass of violins (perhaps with violas and cellos)  by using the Strings sound.

 


Music featuring the Violin. Audio is available for 397 tunes for this instrument.
  
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No.Name of WorkCategoryComposer
1 AdagioShort PieceAlbinoni
2 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DSuiteBach
3 All Through the NightFolk SongVarious
4 Angels from the Realms of GlorySacredVarious
5 Barbara AllenFolk SongVarious
6 Blow the Man DownFolk SongVarious
7 Botany BayFolk SongVarious
8 Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo Chamber MusicPachelbel
9 Canon on Ravenscroft's PsalterSacredTallis
10 Chanson de MatinShort PieceElgar
11 Charlie is my DarlingFolk SongVarious
12 Click go the ShearsFolk SongHill
13 Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8ConcertoCorelli
14 Concerto in A minor for violin and cello Op 102ConcertoBrahms
15 DaisySongVarious
16 Divertimento in Bb KV240Chamber MusicMozart
17 Divertimento in Bb K 137Chamber MusicMozart
18 Divertimento in D K136Chamber MusicMozart
19 Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)Chamber MusicMozart
20 Divertimento in F K138Chamber MusicMozart
21 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043ConcertoBach
22 Dumky Trio Movements 1 and 2.Chamber MusicDvořák
23 Fairest Isle from King ArthurSongPurcell
24 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas TallisTone PoemVaughan-Williams
25 Flute Quartet in D K285Chamber MusicMozart
26 Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoChamber MusicTelemann
27 Hey Diddle DiddleNursery RhymesVarious
28 Home on the RangeSongVarious
29 Il était une BergèreFolk SongVarious
30 InterludeChamber MusicGomersall
31 Introduction et AllegroChamber MusicRavel
32 It Came Upon a Midnight ClearSacredVarious
33 Jeux d'Enfants - Suite for Orchestra, Op 22SuiteBizet
34 Jewel Song from FaustOperaGounod
35 Keel RowFolk SongVarious
36 LiebesfreudChamber MusicKreisler
37 LiebesliedChamber MusicKreisler
38 Lullaby. (Cradle Song,Wiegenlied)SongBrahms
39 Mary Mary Quite Contrary, How does your Garden Grow?Nursery RhymesVarious
40 Meditation from ThaisShort PieceMassenet
41 Memory from 'Cats'.Popular SongsLloyd-Webber
42 Minuet from Divertimento K334Chamber MusicMozart
43 Music for the Royal FireworksSuiteHandel
44 O Little Town of BethlehemSacredVarious
45 Oak and the AshFolk SongVarious
46 Oboe Quartet in F K 370Chamber MusicMozart
47 Piano Quartet in G minor K478Chamber MusicMozart
48 Piano Quintet in A D667 'Trout'Chamber MusicSchubert
49 Piano Trio in Bb Op 99 for piano violin and celloChamber MusicSchubert
50 Piano Trio in Bb K502Chamber MusicMozart
51 Piano Trio in C K548Chamber MusicMozart
52 Piano Trio in DChamber MusicGomersall
53 Piano Trio in E K542Chamber MusicMozart
54 Piano Trio in Eb Op 100 No.2Chamber MusicSchubert
55 Piano Trio in F Hob XVChamber MusicHaydn
56 Piano Trio in G K496Chamber MusicMozart
57 Piano Trio in G K564Chamber MusicMozart
58 Piano Trio No.1 in B major Opus 8Chamber MusicBrahms
59 Piano Trio No.2 in C major Op 87Chamber MusicBrahms
60 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeChamber MusicBeethoven
61 Polly OliverFolk SongVarious
62 Poor Old JoeFolk SongFoster
63 Romance for violin and orchestra, Op 11Short PieceDvořák
64 Rondeau in D minorShort PiecePurcell
65 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41Short PieceBeethoven
66 Salut d'Amour Op 12Short PieceElgar
67 Schon RosmarinChamber MusicKreisler
68 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoChamber MusicMozart
69 Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetChamber MusicMozart
70 Silent NightSacredVarious
71 Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaConcertoMozart
72 Slumber Song (Schlummerlied) No.16 from Album Leaves Op 124Chamber MusicSchumann
73 Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardSonataMarini
74 Sonatina in A minor Op 137 No.2SonataSchubert
75 Sonatina in D Op 137 No.1SonataSchubert
76 Sonatina in G minor Op 137 No.3SonataSchubert
77 Song of India from SadkoShort PieceRimsky-Korsakov
78 South WindFolk SongVarious
79 St. Valentine's DayShort PieceVarious
80 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
81 String Quartet in D minor D810 'Death and the Maiden'Chamber MusicSchubert
82 String Quartet in Eb Op 127Chamber MusicBeethoven
83 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1Chamber MusicBeethoven
84 String Quartet in F, Op 96 "The American".Chamber MusicDvořák
85 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2Chamber MusicBeethoven
86 String Quartet No. 3 in G K156Chamber MusicMozart
87 String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11Chamber MusicTchaikovsky
88 String Quartet No.13 in A minor Op 29 'Rosamunde'Chamber MusicSchubert
89 String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387Chamber MusicMozart
90 String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421Chamber MusicMozart
91 String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428Chamber MusicMozart
92 String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"Chamber MusicMozart
93 String Quartet No.18 in A K464Chamber MusicMozart
94 String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"Chamber MusicMozart
95 String Quartet No.2 in AChamber MusicBorodin
96 String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.Chamber MusicMozart
97 String Quartet No.21 in D major K575Chamber MusicMozart
98 String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589Chamber MusicMozart
99 String Quartet No.23 in F major K590Chamber MusicMozart
100 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
101 String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettChamber MusicHaydn
102 String Quartet Op 1 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
103 String Quartet Op 1 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
104 String Quartet Op 1 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
105 String Quartet Op 1 No.5Chamber MusicHaydn
106 String Quartet Op 1 No.6Chamber MusicHaydn
107 String Quartet Op 2 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
108 String Quartet Op 2 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
109 String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"Chamber MusicHaydn
110 String Quartet Op 9 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
111 String Quartet Op 9 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
112 String Quartet Op 9 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
113 String Quartet Op 20 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
114 String Quartet Op 20 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
115 String Quartet Op 20 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
116 String Quartet Op 54 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
117 String Quartet Op 54 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
118 String Quartet Op 54 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
119 String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"Chamber MusicHaydn
120 String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"Chamber MusicHaydn
121 String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorChamber MusicHaydn
122 String Quintet in C D956 Op 163Chamber MusicSchubert
123 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5Chamber MusicBoccherini
124 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)SymphonyBeethoven
125 The Dashing White SergeantFolk SongVarious
126 The Four SeasonsConcertoVivaldi
127 The Girl I left Behind Me.Folk SongVarious
128 The Lark AscendingTone PoemVaughan-Williams
129 The Old Woman and the PedlarChamber MusicGomersall
130 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041ConcertoBach
131 Violin Concerto in B minor Op 61ConcertoElgar
132 Violin Concerto in DConcertoBeethoven
133 Violin Concerto in D minor, Op 47ConcertoSibelius
134 Violin Concerto in D Op 35ConcertoTchaikovsky
135 Violin Concerto in D Op 77ConcertoBrahms
136 Violin Concerto in E minorConcertoMendelssohn
137 Violin Concerto No.1 in G minorConcertoBruch
138 Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216ConcertoMozart
139 Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218ConcertoMozart
140 Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219ConcertoMozart
141 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40Short PieceBeethoven
142 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50ConcertoBeethoven
143 Violin Sonata in D, K29SonataMozart
144 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2SonataBeethoven
145 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"SonataBeethoven
146 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3SonataBeethoven
147 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47SonataBeethoven
148 Wild Colonial BoyFolk SongVarious
149 Wraggle Taggle Gypsies OhFolk SongVarious
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