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Russia Return to List of Countries
Moscow is the capital of Russia, whose area is 17,075,400 square kilometres, and its population is 147,434,000 people.
Russia

Russia had virtually no instrumental music before Tsar Peter the Great ascended the throne in 1682. The Russian orthodox church strictly forbad instruments in churches and discouraged their use everywhere else. In churches, monophonic chant was the rule, then polyphonic chant from about 1600.

Tsar Peter the Great built a magnificent City, St Petersburg, on swampland. He employed foreign musicians to develop bands and instrumental musicians for his court. The taste for music developed rapidly, and Haydn's music, as well as that of other classical composers, was regularly performed in St Petersburg. The first distinctly Russian composer to emerge was Glinka.(1804-1857).

Russian music really flowered in the 2nd half of the 19th century. The group of five, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov and Cui, composed in a distinctively Russian style, involving elements of Russian folk music. Tchaikovsky tended more to the romantic Germanic style, but he also was influenced to a lesser extent by the Russian nationalistic movement.

After the Russian revolution in 1917, and the establishment of the authoritarian communist regime under Lenin, the most eminent composers escaped to the West, including Rachmaninov and Prokofiev.    However, the most famous Russian of the 20th century, Igor Stravinsky, was already abroad in Paris, so he stayed there, and later emigrated to the USA. By contrast, Shostakovich stayed in the Soviet Union, and managed to survive the censoring of the Stalinist Composer's Union, by complying with their directives, and withholding works of which he knew they would not approve.

Tunes originating from Russia. Audio is available for 136 tunes from this country.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Alexander's Ragtime BandBerlinJazzTrad Jazz Band
2 AlwaysBerlinWaltzRhythm Combo
3 Blue SkiesBerlinJazzBig Band
4 Capriccio Espagnol Op 34Rimsky-KorsakovTone PoemOrchestra
5 Capriccio Italien Op 45TchaikovskyTone PoemOrchestra
6 Cheek to CheekBerlinPopular SongsSolo
7 Classical Symphony Op 25ProkofievSymphonyOrchestra
8 Dance of the Tumblers, from "Snow Maiden"Rimsky-KorsakovOperaOrchestra
9 Etude, Op. 2, No.11 in c-sharpScriabinShort PieceSolo
10 Eugin OneginTchaikovskyOperaOrchestra
11 Festival Overture 1812TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
12 Firebird SuiteStravinskyBallet MusicOrchestra
13 Gayane BalletKhachaturianBallet MusicOrchestra
14 Hamlet Fantasy Overture Op 67TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
15 Hopak - from the Fair at Sorochinsk (Opera)MussorgskyOperaOrchestra
16 Impromptu in B, Opus 25 No.1ArenskyShort PieceSolo
17 Islamey - Oriental FantasyBalakirevShort PieceSolo
18 Lieutenant Kije Suite - Op 60ProkofievSuiteOrchestra
19 Marche SlaveTchaikovskyMarchOrchestra
20 Mélodie in FRubensteinShort PieceSolo
21 Night on Bare MountainMussorgskyTone PoemOrchestra
22 None but the Lonely Heart Op 6 No.6TchaikovskySongOrchestra
23 Nutcracker Suite, from the BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
24 On the Steppes of Central AsiaBorodinTone PoemOrchestra
25 Overture to Russlan and LudmillaGlinkaOvertureOrchestra
26 Peter and the WolfProkofievSuiteOrchestra
27 Piano Concerto No.1 in Bb minorTchaikovskyConcertoOrchestra
28 Piano Concerto No.1 in F# Minor Op 1RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
29 Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor Op 18RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
30 Pictures at an ExhibitionMussorgskyTone PoemOrchestra
31 Polovtsian Dances from Prince IgorBorodinTone PoemOrchestra
32 Prelude to Khovanschina (opera)MussorgskyOperaOrchestra
33 Red Poppy Suite, from the BalletGliereBallet MusicOrchestra
34 Rhapsody on a theme by Paganini.RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
35 Rite of Spring - Adoration of the EarthStravinskyBallet MusicOrchestra
36 Romeo and Juliet - Fantasy OvertureTchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
37 Romeo and Juliet Suite - Madrigal - Love themeProkofievBallet MusicOrchestra
38 Scheherezade Op 35Rimsky-KorsakovSuiteOrchestra
39 Serenade for Strings in C Op 48TchaikovskyChamber MusicOrchestra
40 Sleeping Beauty - BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
41 Song of India from SadkoRimsky-KorsakovShort PieceOrchestra
42 Song of the Volga BoatmenVariousFolk SongSolo
43 Song Without Words Opus 40 No.6TchaikovskyShort PieceSolo
44 Spartacus BalletKhachaturianBallet MusicOrchestra
45 String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11TchaikovskyChamber MusicString Quartet
46 String Quartet No.2 in ABorodinChamber MusicString Quartet
47 Swan Lake BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
48 Symphony No.1 in EbBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
49 Symphony No.1 in G minor "Winter Daydreams"TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
50 Symphony No.2 in B minorBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
51 Symphony No.2 in C minor "Little Russian" Op 17TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
52 Symphony No.3 in A minorBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
53 Symphony No.3 in D Op29 "Polish"TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
54 Symphony No.4 in F minor Op 36TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
55 Symphony No.5 in E minor Op 64TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
56 Symphony No.6 in B Minor - PathetiqueTchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
57 Taiti Trot (Tea for two)ShostakovichShort PieceOrchestra
58 Tale of Tsar Saltan, Op 57 - Flight of Bumble BeeRimsky-KorsakovShort PieceOrchestra
59 Tempest - Fantasy Overture in F minor Op 18TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
60 Violin Concerto in D Op 35TchaikovskyConcertoOrchestra
61 Waltz from masqueradeKhachaturianWaltzOrchestra
62 Waltz No.2 from Suite for Variety Orchestra.ShostakovichWaltzPops Orchestra
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