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Russia Return to List of Countries
Moscow is the capital of Russia, whose area is 17,075,400 square kilometres, and its population is 147,434,000 people.
Russia

Russia had virtually no instrumental music before Tsar Peter the Great ascended the throne in 1682. The Russian orthodox church strictly forbad instruments in churches and discouraged their use everywhere else. In churches, monophonic chant was the rule, then polyphonic chant from about 1600.

Tsar Peter the Great built a magnificent City, St Petersburg, on swampland. He employed foreign musicians to develop bands and instrumental musicians for his court. The taste for music developed rapidly, and Haydn's music, as well as that of other classical composers, was regularly performed in St Petersburg. The first distinctly Russian composer to emerge was Glinka.(1804-1857).

Russian music really flowered in the 2nd half of the 19th century. The group of five, Balakirev, Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov and Cui, composed in a distinctively Russian style, involving elements of Russian folk music. Tchaikovsky tended more to the romantic Germanic style, but he also was influenced to a lesser extent by the Russian nationalistic movement.

After the Russian revolution in 1917, and the establishment of the authoritarian communist regime under Lenin, the most eminent composers escaped to the West, including Rachmaninov and Prokofiev.    However, the most famous Russian of the 20th century, Igor Stravinsky, was already abroad in Paris, so he stayed there, and later emigrated to the USA. By contrast, Shostakovich stayed in the Soviet Union, and managed to survive the censoring of the Stalinist Composer's Union, by complying with their directives, and withholding works of which he knew they would not approve.

Tunes originating from Russia. Audio is available for 137 tunes from this country.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Procession of the Sardar from Caucasian Sketches.IppolitovIvanovMarchSolo
2 Alexander's Ragtime BandBerlinJazzTrad Jazz Band
3 AlwaysBerlinWaltzRhythm Combo
4 Blue SkiesBerlinJazzBig Band
5 Capriccio Espagnol Op 34Rimsky-KorsakovTone PoemOrchestra
6 Capriccio Italien Op 45TchaikovskyTone PoemOrchestra
7 Cheek to CheekBerlinPopular SongsSolo
8 Classical Symphony Op 25ProkofievSymphonyOrchestra
9 Dance of the Tumblers, from "Snow Maiden"Rimsky-KorsakovOperaOrchestra
10 Etude, Op. 2, No.11 in c-sharpScriabinShort PieceSolo
11 Eugin OneginTchaikovskyOperaOrchestra
12 Festival Overture 1812TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
13 Firebird SuiteStravinskyBallet MusicOrchestra
14 Gayane BalletKhachaturianBallet MusicOrchestra
15 Hamlet Fantasy Overture Op 67TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
16 Hopak - from the Fair at Sorochinsk (Opera)MussorgskyOperaOrchestra
17 Impromptu in B, Opus 25 No.1ArenskyShort PieceSolo
18 Islamey - Oriental FantasyBalakirevShort PieceSolo
19 Lieutenant Kije Suite - Op 60ProkofievSuiteOrchestra
20 Marche SlaveTchaikovskyMarchOrchestra
21 Mélodie in FRubensteinShort PieceSolo
22 Night on Bare MountainMussorgskyTone PoemOrchestra
23 None but the Lonely Heart Op 6 No.6TchaikovskySongOrchestra
24 Nutcracker Suite, from the BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
25 On the Steppes of Central AsiaBorodinTone PoemOrchestra
26 Overture to Russlan and LudmillaGlinkaOvertureOrchestra
27 Peter and the WolfProkofievSuiteOrchestra
28 Piano Concerto No.1 in Bb minorTchaikovskyConcertoOrchestra
29 Piano Concerto No.1 in F# Minor Op 1RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
30 Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor Op 18RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
31 Pictures at an ExhibitionMussorgskyTone PoemOrchestra
32 Polovtsian Dances from Prince IgorBorodinTone PoemOrchestra
33 Prelude to Khovanschina (opera)MussorgskyOperaOrchestra
34 Red Poppy Suite, from the BalletGliereBallet MusicOrchestra
35 Rhapsody on a theme by Paganini.RachmaninovConcertoOrchestra
36 Rite of Spring - Adoration of the EarthStravinskyBallet MusicOrchestra
37 Romeo and Juliet - Fantasy OvertureTchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
38 Romeo and Juliet Suite - Madrigal - Love themeProkofievBallet MusicOrchestra
39 Scheherezade Op 35Rimsky-KorsakovSuiteOrchestra
40 Serenade for Strings in C Op 48TchaikovskyChamber MusicOrchestra
41 Sleeping Beauty - BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
42 Song of India from SadkoRimsky-KorsakovShort PieceOrchestra
43 Song of the Volga BoatmenVariousFolk SongSolo
44 Song Without Words Opus 40 No.6TchaikovskyShort PieceSolo
45 Spartacus BalletKhachaturianBallet MusicOrchestra
46 String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11TchaikovskyChamber MusicString Quartet
47 String Quartet No.2 in ABorodinChamber MusicString Quartet
48 Swan Lake BalletTchaikovskyBallet MusicOrchestra
49 Symphony No.1 in EbBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
50 Symphony No.1 in G minor "Winter Daydreams"TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
51 Symphony No.2 in B minorBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
52 Symphony No.2 in C minor "Little Russian" Op 17TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
53 Symphony No.3 in A minorBorodinSymphonyOrchestra
54 Symphony No.3 in D Op29 "Polish"TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
55 Symphony No.4 in F minor Op 36TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
56 Symphony No.5 in E minor Op 64TchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
57 Symphony No.6 in B Minor - PathetiqueTchaikovskySymphonyOrchestra
58 Taiti Trot (Tea for two)ShostakovichShort PieceOrchestra
59 Tale of Tsar Saltan, Op 57 - Flight of Bumble BeeRimsky-KorsakovShort PieceOrchestra
60 Tempest - Fantasy Overture in F minor Op 18TchaikovskyOvertureOrchestra
61 Violin Concerto in D Op 35TchaikovskyConcertoOrchestra
62 Waltz from masqueradeKhachaturianWaltzOrchestra
63 Waltz No.2 from Suite for Variety Orchestra.ShostakovichWaltzPops Orchestra
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