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Italy Return to List of Countries
Rome (Roma) is the capital of Italy, whose area is 301,245 square kilometres, and its population is 57,369,000 people.
Italy

Italy is a natural geographic unit bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on three sides and the Alps to the north. Politically it was united under the ancient Roman Empire, then for centuries it was a divided collection of separate city-states, many dominated by foreign powers. It was eventually re-united in the  Risorgimento of the 1860s with Cavour in the north and Garibaldi in the south.

Plainsong was the only form of church music in the early Middle Ages, and this was passed on by oral tradition  Pope Gregory is reputed to have imposed order and discipline to the plainsong, and so it is now usually called Gregorian Chant. The beginnings of musical notation as we know it today were documented by Guido D'Arezzo around 995 AD.

Italy became an important centre for European music in the renaissance of the 16th century, Palestrina and Allegri being pre-eminent in church music, Monteverdi in opera. In the baroque, Vivaldi, Corelli, Scarlatti are renowned composers. Opera dominated Italian musical culture in the classical and romantic periods, so many talented composers and instrument-makers sought their fortunes in other parts of Europe. Clementi went to London, Boccherini went to Madrid.

Rossini, Verdi and Puccini are pre-eminent in the field of Italian 19th century opera, and Respighi broke with Italian traditions and wrote richly orchestrated instrumental music, greatly influenced by the French Impressionist Debussy.

Tunes originating from Italy. Audio is available for 81 tunes from this country.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 AdagioAlbinoniShort PieceOther Ensembles
2 AidaVerdiOperaOrchestra
3 AlleluiaVariousSacredChoir
4 Barber of Seville, OperaRossiniOperaOrchestra
5 Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
6 Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
7 Cenerentola (Cinderella)RossiniOperaOrchestra
8 Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from NabuccoVerdiOperaChoir
9 Concerto for Oboe and StringsCorelliConcertoOrchestra
10 Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8CorelliConcertoOrchestra
11 Dance of the Hours, from La GiocondaPonchielliBallet MusicOrchestra
12 Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
13 Fountains of Rome - the Fountain of Valle Giulia at DawnRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
14 Gianni SchicchiPucciniOperaOrchestra
15 GigueScarlattiShort PieceSolo
16 Gigue, from 9th SonataCorelliSonataSolo
17 Gigue, from 9th Sonata for violin cello and keyboardCorelliSonataDuet
18 Gloria in excelsis Deo from Gloria in D RV 589VivaldiSacredOrchestra
19 Hodie Beata VirgoPalestrinaSacredChoir
20 Intermezzo from Cavalleria RusticanaMascagniShort PieceOrchestra
21 Jewels of the MadonnaWolf-FerrariOperaOrchestra
22 La BohemePucciniOperaOrchestra
23 La Boutique Fantasque Ballet(arr. Respighi)RossiniBallet MusicOrchestra
24 La danza - Tarentella Napolitana (piano transcription by Liszt)RossiniShort PieceSolo
25 La Donna è Mobile from RigolettoVerdiOperaOrchestra
26 La Gazza Ladra (The Thieving Magpie) Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
27 La TraviataVerdiOperaOrchestra
28 Laudamus TeVivaldiSacredChoir
29 L'Elisir d"AmoreDonizettiOperaOrchestra
30 Madame ButterflyPucciniOperaOrchestra
31 Miserere - have Mercy upon me - Psalm 51AllegriSacredChoir
32 Motet - Sicut CervusPalestrinaSacredChoir
33 NormaBelliniOperaOrchestra
34 PastoraleScarlattiShort PieceSolo
35 Pines of RomeRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
36 Quando Quando - sambaVariousPopular SongsPops Orchestra
37 Semiramide, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
38 Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardMariniSonataTrio
39 Sonata in C, L.104, K.159ScarlattiSonataSolo
40 Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
41 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
42 Such Beauty, My Beloved (Ogni Belta).PalestrinaSongChoir
43 The Four SeasonsVivaldiConcertoOrchestra
44 The Italian Girl in Algiers, Overture to the opera.RossiniOvertureOrchestra
45 TiritombaVariousFolk SongDuet
46 Toccata in AParadiesShort PieceSolo
47 ToscaPucciniOperaOrchestra
48 TrovatoreVerdiOperaOrchestra
49 TurandotPucciniOperaOrchestra
50 William Tell, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
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