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Italy Return to List of Countries
Rome (Roma) is the capital of Italy, whose area is 301,245 square kilometres, and its population is 57,369,000 people.
Italy

Italy is a natural geographic unit bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on three sides and the Alps to the north. Politically it was united under the ancient Roman Empire, then for centuries it was a divided collection of separate city-states, many dominated by foreign powers. It was eventually re-united in the  Risorgimento of the 1860s with Cavour in the north and Garibaldi in the south.

Plainsong was the only form of church music in the early Middle Ages, and this was passed on by oral tradition  Pope Gregory is reputed to have imposed order and discipline to the plainsong, and so it is now usually called Gregorian Chant. The beginnings of musical notation as we know it today were documented by Guido D'Arezzo around 995 AD.

Italy became an important centre for European music in the renaissance of the 16th century, Palestrina and Allegri being pre-eminent in church music, Monteverdi in opera. In the baroque, Vivaldi, Corelli, Scarlatti are renowned composers. Opera dominated Italian musical culture in the classical and romantic periods, so many talented composers and instrument-makers sought their fortunes in other parts of Europe. Clementi went to London, Boccherini went to Madrid.

Rossini, Verdi and Puccini are pre-eminent in the field of Italian 19th century opera, and Respighi broke with Italian traditions and wrote richly orchestrated instrumental music, greatly influenced by the French Impressionist Debussy.

Tunes originating from Italy. Audio is available for 86 tunes from this country.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 AdagioAlbinoniShort PieceOther Ensembles
2 AidaVerdiOperaOrchestra
3 AlleluiaVariousSacredChoir
4 Ave MariaCherubiniSacredOther Ensembles
5 Barber of Seville, OperaRossiniOperaOrchestra
6 Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
7 Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
8 Cenerentola (Cinderella)RossiniOperaOrchestra
9 Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from NabuccoVerdiOperaChoir
10 Concerto for Oboe and StringsCorelliConcertoOrchestra
11 Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8CorelliConcertoOrchestra
12 Dance of the Hours, from La GiocondaPonchielliBallet MusicOrchestra
13 Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
14 Fountains of Rome - the Fountain of Valle Giulia at DawnRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
15 Gianni SchicchiPucciniOperaOrchestra
16 GigueScarlattiShort PieceSolo
17 Gigue, from 9th SonataCorelliSonataSolo
18 Gigue, from 9th Sonata for violin cello and keyboardCorelliSonataDuet
19 Gloria in excelsis Deo from Gloria in D RV 589VivaldiSacredOrchestra
20 Hodie Beata VirgoPalestrinaSacredChoir
21 Intermezzo from Cavalleria RusticanaMascagniShort PieceOrchestra
22 Jewels of the MadonnaWolf-FerrariOperaOrchestra
23 La BohemePucciniOperaOrchestra
24 La Boutique Fantasque Ballet(arr. Respighi)RossiniBallet MusicOrchestra
25 La danza - Tarentella Napolitana (piano transcription by Liszt)RossiniShort PieceSolo
26 La Donna è Mobile from RigolettoVerdiOperaOrchestra
27 La Gazza Ladra (The Thieving Magpie) Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
28 La TraviataVerdiOperaOrchestra
29 Laudamus TeVivaldiSacredChoir
30 L'Elisir d"AmoreDonizettiOperaOrchestra
31 Madame ButterflyPucciniOperaOrchestra
32 Miserere - have Mercy upon me - Psalm 51AllegriSacredChoir
33 Motet - Sicut CervusPalestrinaSacredChoir
34 NormaBelliniOperaOrchestra
35 PastoraleScarlattiShort PieceSolo
36 Pines of RomeRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
37 Quando Quando - sambaVariousPopular SongsPops Orchestra
38 Semiramide, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
39 Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardMariniSonataTrio
40 Sonata in C, L.104, K.159ScarlattiSonataSolo
41 Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
42 String Quartet No.1 in EbCherubiniChamber MusicString Quartet
43 String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
44 Such Beauty, My Beloved (Ogni Belta).PalestrinaSongChoir
45 The Four SeasonsVivaldiConcertoOrchestra
46 The Italian Girl in Algiers, Overture to the opera.RossiniOvertureOrchestra
47 TiritombaVariousFolk SongDuet
48 Toccata in AParadiesShort PieceSolo
49 ToscaPucciniOperaOrchestra
50 TrovatoreVerdiOperaOrchestra
51 TurandotPucciniOperaOrchestra
52 William Tell, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
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