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Germany Return to List of Countries
Berlin is the capital of Germany, whose area is 357,028 square kilometres, and its population is 82,133,000 people.
Germany

Germany (then joined with Austria and other Germanic-speaking lands)) was part of the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages, and Charlemagne was its first Emperor. In 1517 when Martin Luther started the reformation in Germany, many northern cities and principalities became Protestant, whereas the southern ones remained Catholic. The Protestants preferred simpler, less polyphonic music in their churches, and the chorale emerged as a dominant form. The southern Catholics continued to be strongly influenced by Italian and French musical tastes.

Johann Sebastian Bach  introduced a new, essentially German style in music, and he became the first of a long line of German composers right up to the start of the 20th century. Organ and choral music were his specialties, and he also wrote many intricate fugues and virtuoso toccatas.

At Mannheim, Johann Stamitz oversaw the birth of the modern orchestra, and the symphony in its modern form. In the early classical period, the southern Catholics, especially Haydn and Mozart, reigned supreme in Vienna, with elaborate masses involving orchestras, and symphonies and concertos in the new Mannheim style. (See Austria). Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, but moved to Vienna in 1790. He developed the classical style of Mozart and Haydn to its highest level, but he also sowed the first seeds of German romantic music with his Pastoral Symphony.

German romantics include Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Brahms. Wagner created a totally new, entirely German kind of opera, and Richard Strauss followed this trend also.

Tunes originating from Germany. Audio is available for 387 tunes from this country.
  
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Academic Festival Overture Op.80BrahmsOvertureOrchestra
2 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DBachSuiteWind Chamber Groups
3 Album for the Young, Op 68 pianoSchumannSuiteSolo
4 Alle Vogel Sind Schon DaVariousFolk SongSolo
5 Also Sprach Zarathustra - intro themeStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
6 Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988BachVariationsSolo
7 Arlequin from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
8 Arrival of the Queen of Sheba - from SolomonHandelShort PieceOrchestra
9 Art of the Fugue BWV 1080BachShort PieceSolo
10 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
11 Barcarolle from Tales of HoffmanOffenbachShort PieceOrchestra
12 Brandenburg Concerto No.1BachConcertoOrchestra
13 Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FBachConcertoOrchestra
14 Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048BachConcertoOrchestra
15 Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DBachConcertoOrchestra
16 Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage - OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
17 Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo PachelbelChamber MusicOther Ensembles
18 Carmen Fantasy, K284BusoniShort PieceSolo
19 Cello Concerto in A minorSchumannConcertoOrchestra
20 Che Farò Senza Euridice from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckOperaOrchestra
21 Concerto in A minor for violin and cello Op 102BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
22 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
23 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
24 Dance of the Blessed Spirits - from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckBallet MusicOrchestra
25 Don Juan Op 20Strauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
26 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043BachConcertoTrio
27 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
28 Er ißt gekommen in Sturm und Regen (Liszt)FranzSongSolo
29 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
30 Fingal's Cave Overture "The Hebrides" Op 26MendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
31 Flying DutchmanWagnerOperaOrchestra
32 Fuchs, du hast die Gans gestohlenVariousFolk SongRhythm Combo
33 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
34 Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoTelemannChamber MusicTrio
35 Hark the Herald Angels SingMendelssohnSacredOther Ensembles
36 Harmonious Blacksmith (Air and 2 variations, from 5th harpsichord Suite)HandelShort PieceOrchestra
37 Hear my PrayerMendelssohnSacredChoir
38 Hungarian dancesBrahmsSuiteOrchestra
39 I love to go a-wandering,VariousSongOther Ensembles
40 Invitation to the Dance (Aufforderung zum Tanz)WeberWaltzSolo
41 Jesu Joy of Man's desiringBachSacredOrchestra
42 Joy to the WorldHandelSacredSolo
43 Judas MaccabeusHandelOperaOrchestra
44 La Belle HélèneOffenbachOperaOrchestra
45 La Vie Parisienne - OvertureOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
46 Landler in F for clarinet and pianoWeberShort PieceDuet
47 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
48 Liebslieder Waltz No.6BrahmsWaltzOther Ensembles
49 Lightly Row (Hanschen klein)VariousFolk SongSolo
50 LohengrinWagnerOperaSolo
51 Lullaby. (Cradle Song,Wiegenlied)BrahmsSongDuet
52 Mass in B minor BWV 232BachSacredChoir
53 Master SingersWagnerOperaOrchestra
54 Merry Wives of Windsor - OvertureNicolaiOvertureOrchestra
55 Midsummer Night's Dream - Incidental MusicMendelssohnSuiteOrchestra
56 Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookBachShort PieceSolo
57 Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814BachSuiteSolo
58 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
59 Music for the Royal FireworksHandelSuiteTrio
60 My Fair LadyLoewePopular SongsOrchestra
61 O for the Wings of a Dove from Motet - Hear My PrayerMendelssohnSongChoir
62 O Jesu So MeekBachSacredChoir
63 O Lovely Peace (Anthem for two voices)HandelSongOther Ensembles
64 Oh Where, oh Where has my Little Dog Gone?VariousNursery RhymesDuet
65 Ombra mai piu - Aria from Xerxes (Largo)HandelOperaSolo
66 On Wings of SongMendelssohnSongOrchestra
67 Op. 118, No 2: Intermezzo in ABrahmsShort PieceSolo
68 Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)BachShort PieceOrchestra
69 Organ Concerto No.4HandelConcertoOrchestra
70 Organ Concerto No.6 in Bb Op 4 No.6HandelConcertoOrchestra
71 Overture to Der FreischützWeberOvertureOrchestra
72 Overture to Orpheus in the UnderworldOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
73 Papillons Op 2SchumannSuiteSolo
74 ParsifalWagnerOperaOrchestra
75 Phantasiestuck for clarinet and piano, Op 73 No.1SchumannChamber MusicDuet
76 Piano Concerto in A Minor Op 54SchumannConcertoOrchestra
77 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
78 Piano Concerto No.1 in G minor Op 25MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
79 Piano Concerto No.2 in BbBrahmsConcertoOrchestra
80 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
81 Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054BachConcertoOrchestra
82 Piano Concerto No.2 in D minor, Op 40MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
83 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
84 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
85 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
86 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
87 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
88 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
89 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
90 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
91 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
92 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
93 Piano Trio No.1 in B major Opus 8BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
94 Piano Trio No.2 in C major Op 87BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
95 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
96 Piece No.1 in A minor, Op 83 No.1BruchChamber MusicTrio
97 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
98 Préambule from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
99 Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierBachShort PieceSolo
100 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
101 Ride of the Valkyries from Die WalkureWagnerShort PieceOrchestra
102 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
103 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
104 Rumanian melody Op 83 No.5 (from 6 pieces for trio)BruchChamber MusicTrio
105 Ruy Blas OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
106 Sadness of Soul, from Songs without WordsMendelssohnShort PieceSolo
107 SamsonHandelOperaSolo
108 Scenes from Childhood Op. 15SchumannSuiteSolo
109 Slumber Song (Schlummerlied) No.16 from Album Leaves Op 124SchumannChamber MusicDuet
110 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
111 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
112 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
113 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
114 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
115 Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsBachSuiteOrchestra
116 Symphony No.1 in Bb SpringSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
117 Symphony No.1 in C minor Op 68BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
118 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
119 Symphony No.2 in C Op 61SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
120 Symphony No.2 in D Op 73BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
121 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
122 Symphony No.3 in A Minor Op 56 "Scotch"MendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
123 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
124 Symphony No.3 in Eb RhenishSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
125 Symphony No.3 in F Op 90BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
126 Symphony No.4 in A Op 90 - ItalianMendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
127 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
128 Symphony No.4 in D minor Op 120SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
129 Symphony No.4 in E minor Op 96BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
130 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
131 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
132 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
133 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
134 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
135 TannhauserWagnerOperaOrchestra
136 The Messiah. OratorioHandelSacredChoir
137 The Mill WheelVariousFolk SongSolo
138 Three-Part Invention No.12 in ABachChamber MusicTrio
139 Till Eulenspiegels Lustige StreicheStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
140 Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565BachShort PieceSolo
141 Tragic OvertureBrahmsOvertureOrchestra
142 Trio in G minor for flute, cello and piano.WeberChamber MusicTrio
143 Tristan und IsoldeWagnerOperaOrchestra
144 True Love (Swabian Air)VariousFolk SongSolo
145 Trumpet Concerto in D majorTelemannConcertoOrchestra
146 Two-Part Invention No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
147 Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
148 Two-Part Invention No.03 in DBachShort PieceSolo
149 Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorBachShort PieceSolo
150 Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
151 Two-Part Invention No.08 in FBachShort PieceSolo
152 Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorBachShort PieceSolo
153 Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
154 Unto Us is Born a SonVariousSacredSolo
155 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041BachConcertoOrchestra
156 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
157 Violin Concerto in D Op 77BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
158 Violin Concerto in E minorMendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
159 Violin Concerto No.1 in G minorBruchConcertoOrchestra
160 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
161 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
162 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
163 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
164 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
165 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
166 Waltz from Der RosenkavalierStrauss-RichardWaltzDuet
167 Waltz in Ab for pianoBrahmsWaltzSolo
168 Water MusicHandelSuiteOrchestra
169 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
170 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
171 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.03 in C#BachShort PieceSolo
172 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.05 in DBachShort PieceSolo
173 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.07 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
174 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.08 in Eb minorBachShort PieceSolo
175 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.09 in EBachShort PieceSolo
176 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.21 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
177 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.22 in Bb minorBachShort PieceSolo
178 While Shepherds Watched their Flocks by NightHandelSacredSolo
179 Why? (Warum?) Op 12 No.3SchumannShort PieceSolo
180 Zadok the PriestHandelSacredChoir
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