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Germany Return to List of Countries      Post your comments to the blog here.
Berlin is the capital of Germany, whose area is 357,028 square kilometres, and its population is 82,133,000 people.

Germany (then joined with Austria and other Germanic-speaking lands)) was part of the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages, and Charlemagne was its first Emperor. In 1517 when Martin Luther started the reformation in Germany, many northern cities and principalities became Protestant, whereas the southern ones remained Catholic. The Protestants preferred simpler, less polyphonic music in their churches, and the chorale emerged as a dominant form. The southern Catholics continued to be strongly influenced by Italian and French musical tastes.

Johann Sebastian Bach  introduced a new, essentially German style in music, and he became the first of a long line of German composers right up to the start of the 20th century. Organ and choral music were his specialties, and he also wrote many intricate fugues and virtuoso toccatas.

At Mannheim, Johann Stamitz oversaw the birth of the modern orchestra, and the symphony in its modern form. In the early classical period, the southern Catholics, especially Haydn and Mozart, reigned supreme in Vienna, with elaborate masses involving orchestras, and symphonies and concertos in the new Mannheim style. (See Austria). Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, but moved to Vienna in 1790. He developed the classical style of Mozart and Haydn to its highest level, but he also sowed the first seeds of German romantic music with his Pastoral Symphony.

German romantics include Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Brahms. Wagner created a totally new, entirely German kind of opera, and Richard Strauss followed this trend also.

Tunes originating from Germany. Audio is available for 366 tunes from this country.
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Academic Festival Overture Op.80BrahmsOvertureOrchestra
2 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DBachSuiteWind Chamber Groups
3 Album for the Young, Op 68 pianoSchumannSuiteSolo
4 Alle Vogel Sind Schon DaVariousFolk SongSolo
5 Also Sprach Zarathustra - intro themeStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
6 Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988BachVariationsSolo
7 Arlequin from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
8 Arrival of the Queen of Sheba - from SolomonHandelShort PieceOrchestra
9 Art of the Fugue BWV 1080BachShort PieceSolo
10 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
11 Barcarolle from Tales of HoffmanOffenbachShort PieceOrchestra
12 Brandenburg Concerto No.1BachConcertoOrchestra
13 Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FBachConcertoOrchestra
14 Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048BachConcertoOrchestra
15 Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DBachConcertoOrchestra
16 Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage - OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
17 Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo PachelbelChamber MusicOther Ensembles
18 Carmen Fantasy, K284BusoniShort PieceSolo
19 Che Farò Senza Euridice from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckOperaOrchestra
20 Concerto in A minor for violin and cello Op 102BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
21 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
22 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
23 Dance of the Blessed Spirits - from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckBallet MusicOrchestra
24 Don Juan Op 20Strauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
25 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043BachConcertoTrio
26 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
27 Er ißt gekommen in Sturm und Regen (Liszt)FranzSongSolo
28 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
29 Fingal's Cave Overture "The Hebrides" Op 26MendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
30 Flying DutchmanWagnerOperaOrchestra
31 Fuchs, du hast die Gans gestohlenVariousFolk SongRhythm Combo
32 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
33 Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoTelemannChamber MusicTrio
34 Hark the Herald Angels SingMendelssohnSacredOther Ensembles
35 Harmonious Blacksmith (Air and 2 variations, from 5th harpsichord Suite)HandelShort PieceOrchestra
36 Hear my PrayerMendelssohnSacredChoir
37 Hungarian dancesBrahmsSuiteOrchestra
38 Invitation to the Dance (Aufforderung zum Tanz)WeberWaltzSolo
39 Jesu Joy of Man's desiringBachSacredOrchestra
40 Joy to the WorldHandelSacredSolo
41 Judas MaccabeusHandelOperaOrchestra
42 La Belle HélèneOffenbachOperaOrchestra
43 La Vie Parisienne - OvertureOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
44 Landler in F for clarinet and pianoWeberShort PieceDuet
45 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
46 Liebslieder Waltz No.6BrahmsWaltzOther Ensembles
47 Lightly Row (Hanschen klein)VariousFolk SongSolo
48 LohengrinWagnerOperaSolo
49 Lullaby. (Cradle Song,Wiegenlied)BrahmsSongDuet
50 Mass in B minor BWV 232BachSacredChoir
51 Master SingersWagnerOperaOrchestra
52 Merry Wives of Windsor - OvertureNicolaiOvertureOrchestra
53 Midsummer Night's Dream - Incidental MusicMendelssohnSuiteOrchestra
54 Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookBachShort PieceSolo
55 Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814BachSuiteSolo
56 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
57 Music for the Royal FireworksHandelSuiteTrio
58 My Fair LadyLoewePopular SongsOrchestra
59 O for the Wings of a Dove from Motet - Hear My PrayerMendelssohnSongChoir
60 O Jesu So MeekBachSacredChoir
61 O Lovely Peace (Anthem for two voices)HandelSongOther Ensembles
62 Oh Where, oh Where has my Little Dog Gone?VariousNursery RhymesDuet
63 Ombra mai piu - Aria from Xerxes (Largo)HandelOperaSolo
64 On Wings of SongMendelssohnSongOrchestra
65 Op. 118, No 2: Intermezzo in ABrahmsShort PieceSolo
66 Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)BachShort PieceOrchestra
67 Organ Concerto No.4HandelConcertoOrchestra
68 Organ Concerto No.6 in Bb Op 4 No.6HandelConcertoOrchestra
69 Overture to Der FreischützWeberOvertureOrchestra
70 Overture to Orpheus in the UnderworldOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
71 Papillons Op 2SchumannSuiteSolo
72 ParsifalWagnerOperaOrchestra
73 Phantasiestuck for clarinet and piano, Op 73 No.1SchumannChamber MusicDuet
74 Piano Concerto in A Minor Op 54SchumannConcertoOrchestra
75 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
76 Piano Concerto No.1 in G minor Op 25MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
77 Piano Concerto No.2 in BbBrahmsConcertoOrchestra
78 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
79 Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054BachConcertoOrchestra
80 Piano Concerto No.2 in D minor, Op 40MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
81 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
82 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
83 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
84 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
85 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
86 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
87 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
88 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
89 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
90 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
91 Piano Trio No.1 in B major Opus 8BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
92 Piano Trio No.2 in C major Op 87BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
93 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
94 Piece No.1 in A minor, Op 83 No.1BruchChamber MusicTrio
95 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
96 Préambule from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
97 Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierBachShort PieceSolo
98 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
99 Ride of the Valkyries from Die WalkureWagnerShort PieceOrchestra
100 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
101 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
102 Rumanian melody Op 83 No.5 (from 6 pieces for trio)BruchChamber MusicTrio
103 Ruy Blas OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
104 Sadness of Soul, from Songs without WordsMendelssohnShort PieceSolo
105 SamsonHandelOperaSolo
106 Scenes from Childhood Op. 15SchumannSuiteSolo
107 Slumber Song (Schlummerlied) No.16 from Album Leaves Op 124SchumannChamber MusicDuet
108 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
109 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
110 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
111 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
112 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
113 Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsBachSuiteOrchestra
114 Symphony No.1 in Bb SpringSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
115 Symphony No.1 in C minor Op 68BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
116 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
117 Symphony No.2 in C Op 61SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
118 Symphony No.2 in D Op 73BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
119 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
120 Symphony No.3 in A Minor Op 56 "Scotch"MendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
121 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
122 Symphony No.3 in Eb RhenishSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
123 Symphony No.3 in F Op 90BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
124 Symphony No.4 in A Op 90 - ItalianMendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
125 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
126 Symphony No.4 in D minor Op 120SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
127 Symphony No.4 in E minor Op 96BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
128 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
129 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
130 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
131 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
132 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
133 TannhauserWagnerOperaOrchestra
134 The Messiah. OratorioHandelSacredChoir
135 The Mill WheelVariousFolk SongSolo
136 Three-Part Invention No.12 in ABachChamber MusicTrio
137 Till Eulenspiegels Lustige StreicheStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
138 Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565BachShort PieceSolo
139 Tragic OvertureBrahmsOvertureOrchestra
140 Trio in G minor for flute, cello and piano.WeberChamber MusicTrio
141 Tristan und IsoldeWagnerOperaOrchestra
142 True Love (Swabian Air)VariousFolk SongSolo
143 Trumpet Concerto in D majorTelemannConcertoOrchestra
144 Two-Part Invention No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
145 Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
146 Two-Part Invention No.03 in DBachShort PieceSolo
147 Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorBachShort PieceSolo
148 Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
149 Two-Part Invention No.08 in FBachShort PieceSolo
150 Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorBachShort PieceSolo
151 Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
152 Unto Us is Born a SonVariousSacredSolo
153 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041BachConcertoOrchestra
154 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
155 Violin Concerto in D Op 77BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
156 Violin Concerto in E minorMendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
157 Violin Concerto No.1 in G minorBruchConcertoOrchestra
158 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
159 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
160 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
161 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
162 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
163 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
164 Waltz from Der RosenkavalierStrauss-RichardWaltzDuet
165 Waltz in Ab for pianoBrahmsWaltzSolo
166 Water MusicHandelSuiteOrchestra
167 While Shepherds Watched their Flocks by NightHandelSacredSolo
168 Why? (Warum?) Op 12 No.3SchumannShort PieceSolo
169 Zadok the PriestHandelSacredChoir
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