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Germany Return to List of Countries      Post your comments to the blog here.
Berlin is the capital of Germany, whose area is 357,028 square kilometres, and its population is 82,133,000 people.

Germany (then joined with Austria and other Germanic-speaking lands)) was part of the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages, and Charlemagne was its first Emperor. In 1517 when Martin Luther started the reformation in Germany, many northern cities and principalities became Protestant, whereas the southern ones remained Catholic. The Protestants preferred simpler, less polyphonic music in their churches, and the chorale emerged as a dominant form. The southern Catholics continued to be strongly influenced by Italian and French musical tastes.

Johann Sebastian Bach  introduced a new, essentially German style in music, and he became the first of a long line of German composers right up to the start of the 20th century. Organ and choral music were his specialties, and he also wrote many intricate fugues and virtuoso toccatas.

At Mannheim, Johann Stamitz oversaw the birth of the modern orchestra, and the symphony in its modern form. In the early classical period, the southern Catholics, especially Haydn and Mozart, reigned supreme in Vienna, with elaborate masses involving orchestras, and symphonies and concertos in the new Mannheim style. (See Austria). Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, but moved to Vienna in 1790. He developed the classical style of Mozart and Haydn to its highest level, but he also sowed the first seeds of German romantic music with his Pastoral Symphony.

German romantics include Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Brahms. Wagner created a totally new, entirely German kind of opera, and Richard Strauss followed this trend also.

Tunes originating from Germany. Audio is available for 386 tunes from this country.
No.Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
1 Academic Festival Overture Op.80BrahmsOvertureOrchestra
2 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DBachSuiteWind Chamber Groups
3 Album for the Young, Op 68 pianoSchumannSuiteSolo
4 Alle Vogel Sind Schon DaVariousFolk SongSolo
5 Also Sprach Zarathustra - intro themeStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
6 Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988BachVariationsSolo
7 Arlequin from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
8 Arrival of the Queen of Sheba - from SolomonHandelShort PieceOrchestra
9 Art of the Fugue BWV 1080BachShort PieceSolo
10 Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
11 Barcarolle from Tales of HoffmanOffenbachShort PieceOrchestra
12 Brandenburg Concerto No.1BachConcertoOrchestra
13 Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FBachConcertoOrchestra
14 Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048BachConcertoOrchestra
15 Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DBachConcertoOrchestra
16 Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage - OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
17 Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo PachelbelChamber MusicOther Ensembles
18 Carmen Fantasy, K284BusoniShort PieceSolo
19 Cello Concerto in A minorSchumannConcertoOrchestra
20 Che Farò Senza Euridice from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckOperaOrchestra
21 Concerto in A minor for violin and cello Op 102BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
22 Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
23 Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
24 Dance of the Blessed Spirits - from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckBallet MusicOrchestra
25 Don Juan Op 20Strauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
26 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043BachConcertoTrio
27 Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
28 Er ißt gekommen in Sturm und Regen (Liszt)FranzSongSolo
29 Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
30 Fingal's Cave Overture "The Hebrides" Op 26MendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
31 Flying DutchmanWagnerOperaOrchestra
32 Fuchs, du hast die Gans gestohlenVariousFolk SongRhythm Combo
33 Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
34 Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoTelemannChamber MusicTrio
35 Hark the Herald Angels SingMendelssohnSacredOther Ensembles
36 Harmonious Blacksmith (Air and 2 variations, from 5th harpsichord Suite)HandelShort PieceOrchestra
37 Hear my PrayerMendelssohnSacredChoir
38 Hungarian dancesBrahmsSuiteOrchestra
39 Invitation to the Dance (Aufforderung zum Tanz)WeberWaltzSolo
40 Jesu Joy of Man's desiringBachSacredOrchestra
41 Joy to the WorldHandelSacredSolo
42 Judas MaccabeusHandelOperaOrchestra
43 La Belle HélèneOffenbachOperaOrchestra
44 La Vie Parisienne - OvertureOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
45 Landler in F for clarinet and pianoWeberShort PieceDuet
46 Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
47 Liebslieder Waltz No.6BrahmsWaltzOther Ensembles
48 Lightly Row (Hanschen klein)VariousFolk SongSolo
49 LohengrinWagnerOperaSolo
50 Lullaby. (Cradle Song,Wiegenlied)BrahmsSongDuet
51 Mass in B minor BWV 232BachSacredChoir
52 Master SingersWagnerOperaOrchestra
53 Merry Wives of Windsor - OvertureNicolaiOvertureOrchestra
54 Midsummer Night's Dream - Incidental MusicMendelssohnSuiteOrchestra
55 Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookBachShort PieceSolo
56 Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814BachSuiteSolo
57 Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
58 Music for the Royal FireworksHandelSuiteTrio
59 My Fair LadyLoewePopular SongsOrchestra
60 O for the Wings of a Dove from Motet - Hear My PrayerMendelssohnSongChoir
61 O Jesu So MeekBachSacredChoir
62 O Lovely Peace (Anthem for two voices)HandelSongOther Ensembles
63 Oh Where, oh Where has my Little Dog Gone?VariousNursery RhymesDuet
64 Ombra mai piu - Aria from Xerxes (Largo)HandelOperaSolo
65 On Wings of SongMendelssohnSongOrchestra
66 Op. 118, No 2: Intermezzo in ABrahmsShort PieceSolo
67 Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)BachShort PieceOrchestra
68 Organ Concerto No.4HandelConcertoOrchestra
69 Organ Concerto No.6 in Bb Op 4 No.6HandelConcertoOrchestra
70 Overture to Der FreischützWeberOvertureOrchestra
71 Overture to Orpheus in the UnderworldOffenbachOvertureOrchestra
72 Papillons Op 2SchumannSuiteSolo
73 ParsifalWagnerOperaOrchestra
74 Phantasiestuck for clarinet and piano, Op 73 No.1SchumannChamber MusicDuet
75 Piano Concerto in A Minor Op 54SchumannConcertoOrchestra
76 Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
77 Piano Concerto No.1 in G minor Op 25MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
78 Piano Concerto No.2 in BbBrahmsConcertoOrchestra
79 Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
80 Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054BachConcertoOrchestra
81 Piano Concerto No.2 in D minor, Op 40MendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
82 Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
83 Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
84 Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
85 Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
86 Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
87 Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
88 Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
89 Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
90 Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
91 Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
92 Piano Trio No.1 in B major Opus 8BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
93 Piano Trio No.2 in C major Op 87BrahmsChamber MusicTrio
94 Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
95 Piece No.1 in A minor, Op 83 No.1BruchChamber MusicTrio
96 Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
97 Préambule from Carnaval Op 9SchumannSuiteSolo
98 Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierBachShort PieceSolo
99 Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
100 Ride of the Valkyries from Die WalkureWagnerShort PieceOrchestra
101 Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
102 Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
103 Rumanian melody Op 83 No.5 (from 6 pieces for trio)BruchChamber MusicTrio
104 Ruy Blas OvertureMendelssohnOvertureOrchestra
105 Sadness of Soul, from Songs without WordsMendelssohnShort PieceSolo
106 SamsonHandelOperaSolo
107 Scenes from Childhood Op. 15SchumannSuiteSolo
108 Slumber Song (Schlummerlied) No.16 from Album Leaves Op 124SchumannChamber MusicDuet
109 String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
110 String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
111 String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
112 String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
113 String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
114 Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsBachSuiteOrchestra
115 Symphony No.1 in Bb SpringSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
116 Symphony No.1 in C minor Op 68BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
117 Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
118 Symphony No.2 in C Op 61SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
119 Symphony No.2 in D Op 73BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
120 Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
121 Symphony No.3 in A Minor Op 56 "Scotch"MendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
122 Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
123 Symphony No.3 in Eb RhenishSchumannSymphonyOrchestra
124 Symphony No.3 in F Op 90BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
125 Symphony No.4 in A Op 90 - ItalianMendelssohnSymphonyOrchestra
126 Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
127 Symphony No.4 in D minor Op 120SchumannSymphonyOrchestra
128 Symphony No.4 in E minor Op 96BrahmsSymphonyOrchestra
129 Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
130 Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
131 Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
132 Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
133 Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
134 TannhauserWagnerOperaOrchestra
135 The Messiah. OratorioHandelSacredChoir
136 The Mill WheelVariousFolk SongSolo
137 Three-Part Invention No.12 in ABachChamber MusicTrio
138 Till Eulenspiegels Lustige StreicheStrauss-RichardTone PoemOrchestra
139 Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565BachShort PieceSolo
140 Tragic OvertureBrahmsOvertureOrchestra
141 Trio in G minor for flute, cello and piano.WeberChamber MusicTrio
142 Tristan und IsoldeWagnerOperaOrchestra
143 True Love (Swabian Air)VariousFolk SongSolo
144 Trumpet Concerto in D majorTelemannConcertoOrchestra
145 Two-Part Invention No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
146 Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
147 Two-Part Invention No.03 in DBachShort PieceSolo
148 Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorBachShort PieceSolo
149 Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
150 Two-Part Invention No.08 in FBachShort PieceSolo
151 Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorBachShort PieceSolo
152 Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
153 Unto Us is Born a SonVariousSacredSolo
154 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041BachConcertoOrchestra
155 Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
156 Violin Concerto in D Op 77BrahmsConcertoOrchestra
157 Violin Concerto in E minorMendelssohnConcertoOrchestra
158 Violin Concerto No.1 in G minorBruchConcertoOrchestra
159 Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
160 Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
161 Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
162 Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
163 Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
164 Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
165 Waltz from Der RosenkavalierStrauss-RichardWaltzDuet
166 Waltz in Ab for pianoBrahmsWaltzSolo
167 Water MusicHandelSuiteOrchestra
168 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
169 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
170 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.03 in C#BachShort PieceSolo
171 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.05 in DBachShort PieceSolo
172 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.07 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
173 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.08 in Eb minorBachShort PieceSolo
174 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.09 in EBachShort PieceSolo
175 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.21 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
176 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.22 in Bb minorBachShort PieceSolo
177 While Shepherds Watched their Flocks by NightHandelSacredSolo
178 Why? (Warum?) Op 12 No.3SchumannShort PieceSolo
179 Zadok the PriestHandelSacredChoir
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