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Haydn Revenir à la liste des compositeurs.
Franz Josef Haydn was born in Austria in 1732. This composer belonged to the Classical period, and died in 1809. Franz Joseph Haydn

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809) was born at Rohrau, Austria.  His father was the village wheelwright, an he had 11 brothers and sisters.   His musical abilities were recognized by his family  early on, and he was taken in as a pupil and boarder by a nearby schoolmaster, to start his musical education.   Two years later he became a choirboy in Vienna at St Stephen's Cathedral.  From the age of 17 until he was 29, Haydn led a meagre existence as a music teacher in Vienna. 

His talent was spotted by a Prince on hearing one of Haydn's early symphonies, and so from 1761 to 1790 he was in the service of the wealthy Esterhazy family, who were his great benefactors for the rest of his life. Of the 104 symphonies Haydn wrote in his life, more than 80 were composed while he was employed by the Esterhazy family. He also wrote concertos, string quartets and piano sonatas.

Haydn was already 24 when Mozart was born, and the younger composer became one of Haydn's friends, and learnt a great deal from him. Haydn's fame had spread across Europe by 1890, and he longed to become free to travel and promote his compositions abroad. Then in 1790 he was "free", on a generous pension, and visited London, where he was acclaimed by all. He wrote his last 12 "London" symphonies in this period. King George III of England offered Haydn a post in London, as  his grandfather George I had also offered a post to Handel.  Unlike Handel, Haydn declined, and returned to Vienna, where he died in 1809, famous all over Europe and honoured by all. He is often called "the Father of the Symphony", or "the father of modern instrumental music".


Oeuvres musicales écrites par Haydn      
Audio est disponible pour 186 mélodies par ce compositeur.
      

 
Name of WorkOpusCategoryEnsembleSoloInstrument
Cello Concerto no 1 in C major Hob VIIb:1 ConcertoOrchestraCello
Cello Concerto no 2 in D major Op 101Op 101ConcertoOrchestraCello
Divertimento in Bb major 'St Anthony Chorale'. Chamber MusicWind Chamber GroupsOboe
German Dances (Deutsche Tanze)Hob IX:12WaltzOrchestra 
Piano Concerto No.11 in D majorHob 188/11ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Trio in F Hob XVHob XVChamber MusicTrioViolin
Sonata in D (BH 37)BH 37SonataSoloPiano
String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettOp 1 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 1 No.2Op 1 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 1 No.3Op 1 No 3Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 1 No.4Op 1 No 4Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 1 No.5Op 1 No 5Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 1 No.6Op 1 No 6Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 2 No.1Op 2 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 2 No.2Op 2 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"Op 3 No 5Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 9 No.1Op 9 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 9 No.3Op 9 No 3Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 9 No.4Op 9 No 4Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 20 No.1Op 20 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 20 No.2Op 20 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 20 No.3Op 20 No 3Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 54 No.1Op 54 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 54 No.2Op 54 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 54 No.3 Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"Op 64 No 5Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"Op 76 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorOp 76 No 3Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
Symphony No. 6 in D 'Le Matin' Hob 1:6Hob 1:6SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.100 in G "Military" SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.101 in D "The Clock" SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.104 in D "London" SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.45 in F# minor "Farewell" SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.48 in C "Maria Theresia" SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.49 in F minor 'La Passione'49SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.59 in A "Fire"59SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.7 in C 'Le Midi' Hob 1:7Hob 1:7SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.8 in G 'Le Soir' Hob 1:8Hob 1:8SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.88 in G88SymphonyOrchestraOboe
Symphony No.90 in C majorHob I:90SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.92 in G Oxford92SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.93 in DHob I:93SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.94 in G "The Surprise"94SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.96 in D "Miracle"96SymphonyOrchestra 
Trumpet Concerto in EbHob VIIe:1ConcertoOrchestraTrumpet
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