Christoph Gluck (1714-1787) was born in Germany, educated in Prague,
and then settled in Vienna in 1736. Whilst categorized as a
composer, he was born in a year halfway between Bach's and Haydn's years of
birth, and so there are signs of a more classical
style emerging in his operas. He spent a couple of years in London, where he
became a great friend of Handel.
Gluck is primarily known for his operas Orpheus and Euridice,
Alceste, and Iphigenie en Tauride.