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Bach Return to List of Composers
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Germany in 1685. This composer belonged to the Baroque period, and died in 1750. Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach is probably the most famous composer prior to Mozart, and with Handel, by far the most important German baroque composer. 

His first post  was church organist at Arnstadt, then in 1708, he became court organist at Weimar.  In 1718  he took the job of  musical director for Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cothen.    In this post he composed most of his instrumental and orchestral music, since the prince belonged to the Calvinist church, whose austere services employed little music beside psalm singing.  In 1722 Bach left the services of Prince Leopold to become musical director for the city of Leipzig, and a teacher at St Thomas's School in Leipzig, and composer for the Church of St Thomas. Whist in Leipzig, Bach had  thirteen children by his second wife Anna Magdalena, although sadly only six grew to adulthood.

His output as a composer was enormous, displaying great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition.  His music is an example of supreme craftsmanship - he mastered with mathematical precision the formal problems of counterpoint, and produced keyboard music in which as many as five separate lines of argument are simultaneously sustained.  He wrote 200 Cantatas and Oratorios, the six Brandenburg Concertos, and the 48 preludes and fugues in the "Well-tempered Clavier", the Mass in B minor, and the St.Mathew and St.John Passions.

Bach's work was not performed a great deal after his death, until midway through the 19th century, when in 1829 Mendelssohn conducted a performance of the St Mathew Passion in Berlin, starting a great revival of the master's works.


Works written by Bach      
Audio is available for 53 tunes by this composer.
      
No.Name of WorkCategoryEnsembleSoloInstrument
1 Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DSuiteWind Chamber GroupsViolin
2 Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988VariationsSoloHarpsichord
3 Art of the Fugue BWV 1080Short PieceSoloHarpsichord
4 Brandenburg Concerto No.1ConcertoOrchestra 
5 Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FConcertoOrchestra 
6 Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048ConcertoOrchestra 
7 Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DConcertoOrchestra 
8 Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043ConcertoTrioViolin
9 Jesu Joy of Man's desiringSacredOrchestraOrgan
10 Mass in B minor BWV 232SacredChoir 
11 Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookShort PieceSoloPiano
12 Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814SuiteSoloHarpsichord
13 O Jesu So MeekSacredChoirChoirVoices
14 Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)Short PieceOrchestra 
15 Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054ConcertoOrchestraPiano
16 Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierShort PieceSoloPiano
17 Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsSuiteOrchestraFlute
18 Three-Part Invention No.12 in AChamber MusicTrioFlute
19 Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565Short PieceSoloOrgan
20 Two-Part Invention No.01 in CShort PieceSoloHarpsichord
21 Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorShort PieceSoloHarpsichord
22 Two-Part Invention No.03 in DShort PieceSoloPiano
23 Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorShort PieceSoloPiano
24 Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbShort PieceSoloPiano
25 Two-Part Invention No.08 in FShort PieceSoloClavichord
26 Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorShort PieceSoloPiano
27 Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbShort PieceSoloHarpsichord
28 Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041ConcertoOrchestraViolin
29 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.01 in CShort PieceSoloPiano
30 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.02 in C minorShort PieceSoloPiano
31 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.03 in C#Short PieceSoloPiano
32 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.05 in DShort PieceSoloPiano
33 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.07 in EbShort PieceSoloPiano
34 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.08 in Eb minorShort PieceSoloPiano
35 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.09 in EShort PieceSoloPiano
36 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.21 in BbShort PieceSoloPiano
37 Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.22 in Bb minorShort PieceSoloPiano
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