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Jazz Category (or Jazz form)
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Jazz originates from the southern states of USA in about 1900. It started when black Americans adapted their traditional work-songs and spirituals into Blues . They then adopted the instruments of the marching brass band, and this music evolved into the form known today as Traditional jazz, New Orleans or Dixieland. One of its main features is improvisation, based on a rigorous harmonic sequence determined by the theme tune of the music. The tunes were usually well known popular tunes of the day, or folk songs or spirituals, and this theme would be clearly stated at the start, usually by the trumpet. But then the players would improvise around this tune, but always maintaining the harmonic sequence.

When Jazz moved North with the migration of black Americans to Chicago, other forms of Jazz evolved, and were taken up and enthusiastically adapted by white musicians.

One such variation is Jazz Swing. Typically, this is music written in 4/4 time, in which dotted quavers followed by semiquavers are played as two thirds then one third of a triplet, giving the swing feel to the music. Lots of popular songs of the 30's, 40's and 50's were orchestrated in the Jazz Swing manner. Frank Sinatra was a famous singer who adopted this style as his own.

Another variation is the Big Band Sound. Here the Traditional Jazz band of trumpet, trombone, tuba (or double bass), and clarinet is greatly enlarged by the doubling or tripling of these instruments, and the addition of tenor and alto saxophones. Glenn Miller is one of the most famous exponents of this style. It was immensely popular in dance halls of the 20's and 30's.

In the late 60's Rock and Roll took over from jazz as the mainstream popular music form. New, more abstract and dissonant forms of Jazz emerged, variously called Cool Jazz, Modern Jazz and Progressive Jazz.   These were never as popular as the earlier forms, and so jazz is now a minority taste for its enthusiastic followers.


Tunes belonging to the Jazz category. Audio is available for 21 tunes for this category.
  
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No.Name of WorkComposerEnsemblePeriod
1 A Nightingale Sang in Berkely SquareVariousBig BandPopular Modern
2 A Shanty in Old Shanty TownVariousTrad Jazz BandPopular Modern
3 Alexander's Ragtime BandBerlinTrad Jazz BandTraditional
4 Bare NecessitiesVariousTrad Jazz BandPopular Modern
5 Blue SkiesBerlinBig BandPopular Modern
6 Chattanooga Choo ChooVariousBig BandPopular Modern
7 Christmas Jazz MedleyVariousBig BandTraditional
8 Don't get around muchEllingtonRhythm ComboPopular Modern
9 Heart of my Heart (version 2)VariousTrad Jazz BandTraditional
10 I got it BadEllingtonRhythm ComboPopular Modern
11 I Got Rhythm (jazzy clarinet)GershwinRhythm ComboPopular Modern
12 Lazy RiverVariousBig BandPopular Modern
13 Let's Call The Whole Thing Off.GershwinRhythm ComboPopular Modern
14 Lullaby of BirdlandVariousRhythm ComboPopular Modern
15 Michael Row the Boat AshoreVariousTrad Jazz BandTraditional
16 Moonlight SerenadeVariousBig BandPopular Modern
17 Rampart Street ParadeVariousRhythm ComboPopular Modern
18 Rock My SoulVariousTrad Jazz BandTraditional
19 Stranger On the ShoreBilkPops OrchestraPopular Modern
20 Summer TimeGershwinPops OrchestraPopular Modern
21 The Lady is a TrampRodgersBig BandPopular Modern
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